Articles

Pediatric complementary and alternative medicine randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews

The CARE program aims to identify published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SR) in the field of pediatric complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This is an ongoing project and we frequently search the following databases for pediatric studies: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Central Registry of Trials. Relevant RCTs and SR will be periodically added to our table and sorted by condition.

The table can be browsed by conditions or searched by using keywords, author names, journal names, publication year, or treatments.


Keywords:


Category:





ADHD

Citation:
Beauregard M, Levesque J. Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of neurofeedback training on the neural bases of selective attention and response inhibition in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2006;31(1):3-20.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Ghanizadeh A, Berk M. Zinc for treating of children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013;67(1):122-124. - Systematic review

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

ADHD

Citation:
Lan Y, Zhang LL, Luo R. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: comparative efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine and methylphenidate. J Int Med Res. 2009;37(3): 939-948

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

ADHD

Citation:
Li S, Yu B, Zhou D, He C, Kang L, Wang X, Jiang S, Chen X. Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev.2011;4:CD007839.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

ADHD

Citation:
Wong YW, Kim DG, Lee JY.Traditional Oriental Herbal Medicine for Children and Adolescents with ADHD: A Systematic Review.Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.2012;2012:520198

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

ADHD

Citation:
Gillies D, Sinn JK, Lad SS, et al. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2012;7:007986

Therapy:
NHP: Polyunsaturated fatty acids

ADHD

Citation:
Krisanaprakornkit T, Ngamjarus C, Witoonchart C, Piyavhatkul N. Meditation therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2010;6:CD006507

Therapy:
meditation

ADHD

Citation:
Heirs M, Dean ME. Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder.Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2007:4:CD005648.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

ADHD

Citation:
Rickson DJ. Instructional and improvisational models of music therapy with adolescents who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A comparison of the effects on motor impulsivity. J Music Ther. 2006;43(1):39-62.

Therapy:
music therapy

ADHD

Citation:
Leins U, Hinterberger T, Kaller S, Schober F, Weber C, Strehl U. [Neurofeedback for children with ADHD: A comparison of SCP- and theta/beta-protocols]. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr. 2006;55:384-407.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Dvorakova M, Sivonova M, Trebaticka J, et al. The effect of polyphenolic extract from pine bark, pycnogenol on the level of glutathione in children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Redox report : communications in free radical research. 2006;11(4):163-172.

Therapy:
NHP: Pycnogenol

ADHD

Citation:
Akhondzadeh S, Mohammadi MR, Momeni F. Passiflora incarnata in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Therapy. 2005;2(4):609-614.

Therapy:
NHP: passion flower

ADHD

Citation:
Trebaticka J, Kopasova S, Hradecna Z, et al. Treatment of ADHD with french maritime pine bark extract, pycnogenol. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006;15(6):329-335.

Therapy:
NHP: Pycnogenol

ADHD

Citation:
Chovanova Z, Muchova J, Sivonova M, et al. Effect of polyphenolic extract, pycnogenol, on the level of 8-oxoguanine in children suffering from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Free Radic Res. 2006;40(9):1003-1010.

Therapy:
NHP: Pycnogenol

ADHD

Citation:
Sinn N, Bryan J. Effect of supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids and micronutrients on learning and behavior problems associated with child ADHD. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2007;28(2):82-91.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid and micronutrients

ADHD

Citation:
Dvorakova M, Jezova D, Blazicek P, et al. Urinary catecholamines in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Modulation by a polyphenolic extract from pine bark (pycnogenol). Nutr Neurosci. 2007;10(3-4):151-157.

Therapy:
NHP: pycnogenol

ADHD

Citation:
Zhang FH, Zhang JS, Jin XM. [Effect of electroencephalogram biofeedback on behavioral problems of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder]. Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation. 2006;10(10):74-76.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Li H. Prof. Zhang Jia-Wei's clinical study on acupuncture treatment of 380 cases of infantile attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustio. 2004;23(8):23-25.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

ADHD

Citation:
Xiao D, Yuan LS, Xiong B, Zhou LM. [Clinical observations on treatment of 136 cases of child attention deficit disorder by combined acupuncture and medicine] (in chinese). Shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 2003;22(10):13-14.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

ADHD

Citation:
Vaisman N, Kaysar N, ZarukAdasha Y, et al. Correlation between changes in blood fatty acid composition and visual sustained attention performance in children with inattention: Effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids containing phospholipids. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(5):1170-1180.

Therapy:
NHP: dietary n-3 fatty acids containing phospholipids

ADHD

Citation:
Weber W, Vander Stoep A, McCarty RL, Weiss NS, Biederman J, McClellan J. Hypericum perforatum (st john's wort) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 2008;299(22):2633-2641.

Therapy:
NHP: Hypericum perforatum (St John's wort)

ADHD

Citation:
Leins U, Goth G, Hinterberger T, Klinger C, Rumpf N, Strehl U. Neurofeedback for children with ADHD: A comparison of SCP and Theta/Beta protocols. Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback. 2007;32(2):73-88.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Peck HL, Kehle TJ, Bray MA, Theodore LA. Yoga as an intervention for children with attention problems. School Psychology Review. 2005;34(3):415-424.

Therapy:
Yoga

ADHD

Citation:
Kittel LE. The efficacy of magnetized acupressure beads in the treatment of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: An archival data analysis [dissertation]. Dissertation Abstracts International. 2002;63(5-B).

Therapy:
Acupuncture

ADHD

Citation:
Johnson M, Ostlund S, Fransson G, Kadesjo B, Gillberg C. Omega-3/omega-6 fatty acids for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized placebo-controlled trial in children and adolescents. Journal of attention disorders. 2009;12(5):394-401.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega-3/omega-6 fatty acids

ADHD

Citation:
Raz R, Carasso RL, Yehuda S. The influence of short-chain essential fatty acids on children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2009;19(2):167-177.

Therapy:
NHP: short-chain essential fatty acid supplementation

ADHD

Citation:
Karpouzis F, Pollard H, Bonello R. A randomised controlled trial of the neuro emotional technique (NET) for childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A protocol. Trials. 2009;10:6.

Therapy:
Neuro Emotional Technique (NET)

ADHD

Citation:
Gevensleben H, Holl B, Albrecht B, et al. Is neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomised controlled clinical trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009;50(7):780-789.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Kennel S, Taylor AG, Lyon D, Bourguignon C. Pilot feasibility study of binaural auditory beats for reducing symptoms of inattention in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Pediatr Nurs. 2010;25(1):3-11.

Therapy:
Auditory beats

ADHD

Citation:
Salehi B, Imani R, Mohammadi MR, et al. Ginkgo biloba for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: A double blind, randomized controlled trial. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2010;34(1):76-80.

Therapy:
NHP: Ginko biloba

ADHD

Citation:
Gevensleben H, Holl B, Albrecht B, et al. Distinct EEG effects related to neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial. International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology. 2009;74(2):149-157.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Aleksandrov AA, Karpina NV, Stankevich LN. Mismatch negativity in evoked brain potentials in adolescents in normal conditions and attention deficit in response to presentation of short-duration acoustic stimuli. Neurosci Behav Physiol. 2003;33(7):671-675.

Therapy:
Aocustic stimuli

ADHD

Citation:
Bilici M, Yildirim F, Kandil S, et al. Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of zinc sulfate in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2004;28(1):181-190.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc sulphate

ADHD

Citation:
Brue AW, Oakland TD, Evans RA. The use of a dietary supplement combination and an essential fatty acid as an alternative and complementary treatment for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine. 2001;5(4):187-194.

Therapy:
NHP: dietary supplement & essential fatty acid

ADHD

Citation:
Chen J, Chen YY, Wang XM. [Clinical study on treatment of children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder by jiangqian granule]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2002;22(4):258-260.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

ADHD

Citation:
Cho BH, Kim S, Shin DI, et al. Neurofeedback training with virtual reality for inattention and impulsiveness. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2004;7(5):519-526.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Frei H, Everts R, von Ammon K, et al. Homeopathic treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomised, double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial. Eur J Pediatr. 2005;164(12):758-767.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

ADHD

Citation:
Fuchs T, Birbaumer N, Lutzenberger W, Gruzelier JH, Kaiser J. Neurofeedback treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children: A comparison with methylphenidate. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2003;28(1):1-12.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Gonzalez LO, Sellers EW. The effects of a stress-management program on self-concept, locus of control, and the acquisition of coping skills in school-age children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2002;15(1):5-15.

Therapy:
Stress management program

ADHD

Citation:
Haffner J, Roos J, Goldstein N, Parzer P, Resch F. [The effectiveness of body-oriented methods of therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Results of a controlled pilot study]. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2006;34(1):37-47.

Therapy:
Yoga

ADHD

Citation:
Heinrich H, Gevensleben H, Freisleder FJ, Moll GH, Rothenberger A. Training of slow cortical potentials in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Evidence for positive behavioral and neurophysiological effects. Biol Psychiatry. 2004;55(7):772-775.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Heywood C, Beale I. EEG biofeedback vs. placebo treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A pilot study. J Attention Disorders. 2003;7(1):43-55.

Therapy:
EEG biofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Hirayama S, Hamazaki T, Terasawa K. Effect of docosahexaenoic acid-containing food administration on symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder - a placebo-controlled double-blind study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(3):467-473.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

ADHD

Citation:
Jacobs J, Williams AL, Girard C, Njike VY, Katz D. Homeopathy for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A pilot randomized-controlled trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11(5):799-806.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

ADHD

Citation:
Jensen PS, Kenny DT. The effects of yoga on the attention and behavior of boys with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of attention disorders. 2004;7(4):205-216.

Therapy:
yoga

ADHD

Citation:
Khilnani S, Field T, HernandezReif M, Schanberg S. Massage therapy improves mood and behavior of students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Adolescence. 2003;38(152):623-638.

Therapy:
massage

ADHD

Citation:
Levesque J, Beauregard M, Mensour B. Effect of neurofeedback training on the neural substrates of selective attention in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neurosci Lett. 2006;394(3):216-221.

Therapy:
neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Lansbergen MM, van Dongen-Boomsma M, Buitelaar JK, Slaats-Willemse D. ADHD and EEG-neurofeedback: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled feasibility study. Journal of Neural Transmission. 2011;18(2):275-284.

Therapy:
EEG neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Akhondzadeh S, Mohammadi MR, Khademi M. Zinc sulfate as an adjunct to methylphenidate for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: A double blind and randomized trial [ISRCTN64132371]. BMC Psychiatry. 2004;4:9.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc sulphate

ADHD

Citation:
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, Hersch S, Hurt E, DeBeus R. A review of neurofeedback treatment for pediatric ADHD. J Atten Disord. 2012;16(5):351-372.

Therapy:
neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Li JJ, Li ZW, Wang SZ, et al. Ningdong granule: A complementary and alternative therapy in the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Psychopharmacology (Berl ). 2011;216(4):501-509.

Therapy:
NHP: Ningdong granule

ADHD

Citation:
Wangler S, Gevensleben H, Albrecht B, et al. Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: Specific event-related potential findings of a randomized controlled trial. Clinical neurophysiology. 2011;122(5):942-950.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Duric NS, Assmus J, Gundersen D, Elgen IB. Neurofeedback for the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD: A randomized and controlled clinical trial using parental reports. BMC Psychiatry. 2012;12:107.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Zamora J, Velasquez A, Troncoso L, Barra P, Guajardo K, Castillo-Duran C. [Zinc in the therapy of the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children. A preliminar randomized controlled trial]. Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2011;61(3):242-246.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

ADHD

Citation:
Lyon MR, Kapoor MP, Juneja LR. The effects of L-theanine (suntheanine(R)) on objective sleep quality in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Altern Med Rev. 2011;16(4):348-354.

Therapy:
NHP: L-theanine (Suntheanine)

ADHD

Citation:
Bakhshayesh AR, Hansch S, Wyschkon A, Rezai MJ, Esser G. Neurofeedback in ADHD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011;20(9):481-491.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Meisel V, Servera M, Garcia-Banda G, Cardo E, Moreno I. Neurofeedback and standard pharmacological intervention in ADHD: A randomized controlled trial with six-month follow-up. Biol Psychol. 2013;94(1):12-21.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
van Dongen-Boomsma M, Vollebregt MA, Slaats-Willemse D, Buitelaar JK. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013;74(8):821-827.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Beauregard M, Levesque J. Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of neurofeedback training on the neural bases of selective. Biofeedback. 2006;31(1):3-20. - Systematic Review

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

Anxiety

Citation:
Dahnhardt JE, Jaeggi T, Lussi A. Treating open carious lesions in anxious children with ozone. A prospective controlled clinical study. Am J Dent. 2006;19(5):267-270.

Therapy:
ozone

Anxiety

Citation:
Sarris J, Panossian A, Schweitzer I, Stough C, Scholey A. Herbal medicine for depression, anxiety and insomnia: A review of psychopharmacology and clinical evidence. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Anxiety

Citation:
Liu RW, Mehta P, Fortuna S, et al. A randomized prospective study of music therapy for reducing anxiety during cast room procedures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007;27(7):831-833.

Therapy:
music therapy

Anxiety

Citation:
Wang SM, Escalera S, Lin EC, Maranets I, Kain ZN. Extra-1 acupressure for children undergoing anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2008;107(3):811-816.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Anxiety

Citation:
Duan YE. [Treatment of child extensive anxiety disorder with catgut implantation of point plus western medicine]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(5):341-343.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Anxiety

Citation:
Bufalini A. [Role of interactive music in oncological pediatric patients undergoing painful procedures]. Minerva Pediatr. 2009;61(4):379-389.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Anxiety

Citation:
Liehr P, Diaz N. A pilot study examining the effect of mindfulness on depression and anxiety for minority children. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2010;24(1):69-71.

Therapy:
mindfulness

Anxiety

Citation:
Kain ZN, CaldwellAndrews AA, Krivutza DM, et al. Interactive music therapy as a treatment for preoperative anxiety in children: A randomized controlled trial. Anesth Analg. 2004;98(5):1260-1266.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Anxiety

Citation:
Borimnejad L, Arbabi N, Seydfatemi N, Inanloo M, Haghanii H. The effects of acupressure on preoperative anxiety reduction in school aged children. HealthMED. 2012;6(7):2359-2361.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Anxiety

Citation:
Goldbeck L, Ellerkamp T. A randomized controlled trial of multimodal music therapy for children with anxiety disorders. J Music Ther. 2012;49(4):395-413.

Therapy:
music therapy

Arthritis

Citation:
Lovell DJ, Glass D, Ranz J, et al. A randomized controlled trial of calcium supplementation to increase bone mineral density in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2006;54(7):2235-2242.

Therapy:
NHP: Calcium and Vitamin D

Arthritis

Citation:
Hillman LS, Cassidy JT, Chanetsa F, Hewett JE, Higgins BJ, Robertson JD. Percent true calcium absorption, mineral metabolism, and bone mass in children with arthritis: Effect of supplementation with vitamin D3 and calcium. Arthritis Rheum. 2008;58(10):3255-3263.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium

Arthritis

Citation:
Carrasco R, Lovell DJ, Giannini EH, et al. Biochemical markers of bone turnover associated with calcium supplementation in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: Results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2008;58(12):3932-3940.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium

Arthritis

Citation:
Huemer M, Fodinger M, Huemer C, et al. Hyperhomocysteinemia in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis is not influenced by methotrexate treatment and folic acid supplementation: A pilot study. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2003;21(2):249-255.

Therapy:
NHP: folic acid and drug: Methotrexate

Asthma

Citation:
Chang TT, Huang CC, Hsu CH. Clinical evaluation of the chinese herbal medicine formula STA-1 in the treatment of allergic asthma. Phytother Res. 2006;20(5):342-347.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Azad MB, Coneys JG, Kozyrskyj AL, et al. Probiotic supplementation during pregnancy or infancy for the prevention of asthma and wheeze: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2013;37:f6471.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Hondras MA, Linde K, Jones AP. Manual therapy for asthma.Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2005:2:CD001002.

Therapy:
manual therapies

Asthma

Citation:
Zhang J, Li X, Xu J, Ernst E. Laser acupuncture for the treatment of asthma in children: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Asthma.2012;49(7):773-777.

Therapy:
laser acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Woods RK, Thien FC, Abramson MJ. Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(3)(3):CD001283.

Therapy:
NHP: fish oil

Asthma

Citation:
Reisman J, Schachter HM, Dales RE, et al. Treating asthma with omega-3 fatty acids: where is the evidence? A systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med.2006;6:26.

Therapy:
NHP: omega-3 fatty acids

Asthma

Citation:
An HM, Ding H, Hu B, et al. [Clinical research on treatment of acute attack of bronchial Asthma in children with Chuan-Ke-Zhi injection]. Tradit Chin Drug Res Clin Pharmacol.2002;13(2):71-74

Therapy:
NHP: Chuankezhi injection

Asthma

Citation:
Arnold E, Clark CE, Lasserson TJ, Wu T. Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children. A systematic review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2009; (1):CD005989.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
George M, Topaz M. A systematic review of complementary and alternative medicine for asthma self-management. Nurs Clin North Am.2013;48(1):53-149

Therapy:
CAM

Asthma

Citation:
Chan CK, Kuo ML, Shen JJ, See LC, Chang HH, Huang JL. Ding chuan tang, a Chinese herb decoction, could improve airway hyper-responsiveness in stabilized asthmatic children: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2006;17(5):316-322.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
GontijoAmaral C, Ribeiro Gontijo LS, CondinoNeto A, Ribeiro JD. Oral magnesium supplementation in asthmatic children: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(1):54-60.

Therapy:
NHP: magnesium

Asthma

Citation:
Almqvist C, Garden F, Xuan W, et al. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid exposure from early life does not affect atopy and asthma at age 5 years. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119(6):1438-1444.

Therapy:
NHP: omega-3 fatty acids

Asthma

Citation:
Hsu CH, Lu CM, Chang TT. A Chinese herbal formula for relief of asthma? Focus Altern Complement Ther. 2005;10(3):189-190.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Bede O, Suranyi A, Pinter K, Szlavik M, Gyurkovits K. Efficacy of long-lasting magnesium supplementation in asthmatic children [abstract]. Eur Respir J. 2004;24(Suppl 48):212s.

Therapy:
NHP: magnesium

Asthma

Citation:
Hofmann D, Hecker M, Volp A. Efficacy of dry extract of ivy leaves in children with bronchial asthma - a review of randomized controlled trials. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(2-3):213-220

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
An HM, Ding H, Hu B, Liu SS, Yang MJ, Du SQ. [Clinical research on treatment of acute attack of bronchial asthma in children with chuan-ke-zhi injection]. Tradit Chin Drug Res Clin Pharmacol. 2002;13(2):71-74.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Chen J, Zhang CM, Chen H. [Clinical observation on acupoint electro-superconducting therapy with cinese herbal drugs contained pad in treating children asthma]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2005;25(12):1120-1122.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Pfab F. Laser acupuncture and probiotics in school age children with asthma: A randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of therapy guided by principles of traditional chinese medicine: Commentary. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Akupunktur. 2007;50(3):44.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics and acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Wong VCN, Chen WX, Liu WL. Double blind randomized control trial of acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder. J Altern Complement Med. 2007;13(8).

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Wong V, Sun JG. Randomized control trial of using tongue acupuncture versus no acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder. J Altern Complement Med. 2007;13(8).

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Lee MS, Choi TY, Shin BC, Ernst E. Acupuncture for children with autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. J Autism Dev Disord.2012;42(8):1671-1683

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Liu NQ, Hua L. [Effects of jianpi yiqi huoxue decoction on bronchial asthma with recurrent respiratory infection in children]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2006;26(4):360-362.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Plaugher G. RCT-pilot of chiropractic care in childhood asthma. J Chiropr Educ. 2002;16(1):89-90.

Therapy:
Chiropractic care

Asthma

Citation:
Nedeljkovic M, LjustinaPribic R, Savic K. Innovative approach to laser acupuncture therapy of acute obstruction in asthmatic children. Med Pregl. 2008;61(3-4):123-130.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Clark CE, Arnold E, Lasserson TJ, Wu T. Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Prim Care Respir J. 2010; 19 (4): 307

Therapy:
NHP: Herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Bede O, Nagy D, Suranyi A, Horvath I, Szlavik M, Gyurkovits K. Effects of magnesium supplementation on the glutathione redox system in atopic asthmatic children. Inflamm Res. 2008;57(6):279-286.

Therapy:
NHP: Magnesium

Asthma

Citation:
Bede O, Nagy D, Suranyi A, Horvath I, Szlavik M, Gyurkovits K. Effects of magnesium supplementation on the glutathione redox system in atopic asthmatic children. Inflammation Res. 2008;57(6):279-286.

Therapy:
NHP: Magnesium

Asthma

Citation:
Ren Q, Du HZ. [Clinical observation on treatment of children's mild continuous asthma by fangchuan mixture combined with flixotide]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2007;27(11):993-995.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Lu LS, Wang MM, Chen HL. [Prevention and treatment of 60 cases of infantile asthma with Chinese drug point application]. J Nanjing University Tradit Chin Med. 2004;20(4):217.

Therapy:
NHP: chinese drug point application

Asthma

Citation:
Stockert K, Schneider B, Porenta G, Rath R, Nissel H, Eichler I. Laser acupuncture and probiotics in school age children with asthma: A randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of therapy guided by principles of traditional Chinese medicine pediatr allergy immunol. 2007;18(3):272. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18(2):160-166.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics and acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Thompson EA, Shaw A, Montgomery A, Davies E, Sharpe D. A pilot randomised controlled trial of individualised homeopathy in children with severe asthma [abstract]. Complement Ther Med. 2008;16(4):233-234.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Asthma

Citation:
Lisheng L, Mingming W, Huili C. Point application of medicated cakes for treatment of asthma in children--a report of 60 cases. J Tradit Chin Med. 2006;26(3):165-166.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Riveron Garrote M, Andux Ruiz M, Marzoa Silva N, Lopez LC, Perez JR. Determination of the effectiveness of biomodulina T in asthmatic children with recurring respiratory infections. Gaceta homeopatica de Caracas. 2005;13(1):21-26.

Therapy:
NHP: biomodulina T

Asthma

Citation:
Giovannini M, Agostoni C, Riva E, et al. A randomized prospective double blind controlled trial on effects of long-term consumption of fermented milk containing lactobacillus casei in pre-school children with allergic asthma and/or rhinitis. Pediatr Res. 2007;62(2):215-220.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Chiang LC, Ma WF, Huang JL, Tseng LF, Hsueh KC. Effect of relaxation-breathing training on anxiety and asthma signs/symptoms of children with moderate-to-severe asthma: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(8):1061-1070.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Asthma

Citation:
Han JQ, Zhu YX. [Efficacy and regulation of humoral immunity of jade screen powder as an adjunct therapy in children with asthma]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2009;11(7):587-588.

Therapy:
NHP: jade screen powder

Asthma

Citation:
Pfab F. Combination of laser acupuncture and probiotics in children with asthma. Revista Internacional de Acupuntura. 2008;2(1):36-37.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics and acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Chen TL, Mao HC, Lai CH, Li CY, Kuo CH. [The effect of yoga exercise intervention on health related physical fitness in school-age asthmatic children]. Hu Li Za Zhi. 2009;56(2):42-52.

Therapy:
yoga

Asthma

Citation:
Wong EL, Sung RY, Leung TF, et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of herbal therapy for children with asthma. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(10):1091-1097.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Agostinis F, Foglia C, Bruno ME, Falagiani P. Efficacy, safety and tolerability of sublingual monomeric allergoid in tablets given without up-dosing to pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma due to grass pollen. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009;41(6):177-180.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Bede O, Suranyi A, Pinter K, Szlavik M, Gyurkovits K. Urinary magnesium excretion in asthmatic children receiving magnesium supplementation: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Magnesium Res. 2003;16(4):262-270.

Therapy:
NHP: magnesium

Asthma

Citation:
Bronfort G, Evans RL, Kubic P, Filkin P. Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: A prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001;24(6):369-377.

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Asthma

Citation:
Chen KJ, Hao XM, Liu M. [Clinical study on effect of zhifeng huatan pingxiao recipe in treating attack stage of child asthma]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2003;23(9):673-675.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Eber E, Gruber W, Malle Scheid D, Weinhandl E, Dorfer L, Zach. Laser acupuncture in children and adolescents with exercise-induced asthma. European Respiratory Journal. 2001;18(Suppl 33):124s.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Gao XA, Zhu JS. [Clinical observation on hailong juanxiao recipe combined with kechuanping mounting on yongquan acupoint in treating children' bronchial asthma in the stage of attack]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2005;25(8):738-740.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Gruber W, Eber E, MalleScheid D, et al. Laser acupuncture in children and adolescents with exercise induced asthma. Thorax. 2002;57(3):222-225.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Guiney PA, Chou R, Vianna A, Lovenheim J. Effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment on pediatric patients with asthma: A randomized controlled trial. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2005;105(1):7-12.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation

Asthma

Citation:
Hsu CH, Lu CM, Chang TT. Efficacy and safety of modified mai-men-dong-tang for treatment of allergic asthma. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16(1):76-81.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Kong LF, Guo LH, Zheng XY. [Effect of yiqi bushen huoxue herbs in treating children asthma and on levels of nitric oxide, endothelin-1 and serum endothelial cells]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2001;21(9):667-669.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Scheewe S, Vogt L, Minakawa S, et al. Acupuncture in children and adolescents with bronchial asthma: A randomised controlled study. Complementary therapies in medicine. 2011;19(5):239-246.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Abdel Fattah M, Hamdy B. Pulmonary functions of children with asthma improve following massage therapy. J Alternat Complement Med. 2011;17(11):1065-1068.

Therapy:
massage

Asthma

Citation:
Thompson EA, Shaw A, Nichol J, et al. The feasibility of a pragmatic randomised controlled trial to compare usual care with usual care plus individualised homeopathy, in children requiring secondary care for asthma. Homeopathy. 2011;100(3):122-130.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Asthma

Citation:
Tian XF, Xu ZL. [Treatment of infantile asthma in remission stage with chinese medicine and new moxibustion-massage apparatus]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2012 Feb;32(2):163-5.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Asthma

Citation:
Tahan F, Yaman M. Can the pelargonium sidoides root extract EPs 7630 prevent asthma attacks during viral infections of the upper respiratory tract in children? Phytomedicine. 2013;20(2):148-150.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Wu F, Yao MH, Zhu Y. [Clinical study on prevention of recurrence of asthma in children by xiaochuangao acupoint paste: Treating winter diseases in summer]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37(17):2646-2648.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Asthma

Citation:
Reena K, Ramachandran SK. Randomized controlled trial on the effect of vrisha ghrita in childhood asthma management. Internat J Res Ayurveda Pharmacy. 2013;4(1):78-83.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Lee SC, Yang YH, Chuang SY, Huang SY, Pan WH. Reduced medication use and improved pulmonary function with supplements containing vegetable and fruit concentrate, fish oil and probiotics in asthmatic school children: A randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2013;110(1):145-155.

Therapy:
NHP: fish oil and probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Miraglia Del Giudice M, Maiello N, Decimo F, et al. Airways allergic inflammation and L. reuterii treatment in asthmatic children.Journal of Biological Regulators & Homeostatic Agents. 2012;26(1 Suppl):S35-40.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Karlson G, Bennicke P. Acupuncture in asthmatic children: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial of efficacy.Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 2013;19(4):13-19.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Elazab N, Mendy A, Gasana J, et al. Probiotic Administration in Early Life, Atopy, and Asthma: A Meta-analysis of Clinical Trials. Pediatrics.2013;132(3):e666-742.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Foolad,N.; Brezinski,E.A.; Chase,E.P.; Armstrong,A.W.Effect of nutrient supplementation on atopic dermatitis in children: A systematic review of probiotics, prebiotics, formula, and fatty acids.JAMA Dermatology. 2013;149(3):350-355.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Taylor AL, Dunstan JA, Prescott SL. Probiotic supplementation for the first 6 months of life fails to reduce the risk of atopic dermatitis and increases the risk of allergen sensitization in high-risk children: A randomized controlled trial. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119(1):184-191.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Zhong CL, Zhang C, Hu SY. Key technologies elements of clinical study of traditional Chinese medicine new drugs on children's dermatitis and eczema. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhia.2013;38(11):1840-1843.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Taylor AL, Hale J, Hales BJ, Dunstan JA, Thomas WR, Prescott SL. FOXP3 mRNA expression at 6 months of age is higher in infants who develop atopic dermatitis, but is not affected by giving probiotics from birth. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2007;18(1):10-19.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Almqvist C, Garden F, Xuan W, et al. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid exposure from early life does not affect atopy and asthma at age 5 years. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119(6):1438-1444.

Therapy:
NHP: omega 3 and omega 6

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Hon KL, Leung TF, Ng PC, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of a chinese herbal medicine concoction for treatment of atopic dermatitis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Dermatol. 2007;157(2):357-363.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Gruber C, Wendt M, Sulser C, et al. Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of lactobacillus rhamnosus GG as treatment of atopic dermatitis in infancy. Allergy. 2007;62(11):1270-1276.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Mah KW, Chin VI, Wong WS, et al. Effect of a milk formula containing probiotics on the fecal microbiota of asian infants at risk of atopic diseases. Pediatric Research. 2007;62(6):674-679.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kanehara S, Ohtani T, Uede K, Furukawa F. Clinical effects of undershirts coated with borage oil on children with atopic dermatitis: A double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Dermatol. 2007;34(12):811-815.

Therapy:
NHP: Borage oil

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Takwale A, Tan E, Barclay G, et al. The efficacy and tolerability of borage oil in children and adults with atopic eczema–a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study [abstract]. Br J Dermatol. 2002;147(Suppl 62):96.

Therapy:
NHP: Borage oil

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Brouwer ML, WoltPlompen SA, Dubois AE, et al. No effects of probiotics on atopic dermatitis in infancy: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Clin Exp Allergy. 2006;36(7):899-906.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kimata H. Improvement of atopic dermatitis and reduction of skin allergic responses by oral intake of konjac ceramide. Pediatr Dermatol. 2006;23(4):386-389.

Therapy:
NHP: konjac ceramide

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kitz R, Rose Schonborn H, Zielen S, Bohles HJ. Impact of early dietary gamma-linolenic acid supplementation on atopic eczema in infancy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2006;17(2):112-117.

Therapy:
NHP: gamma lineolenic acid

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
FolsterHolst R, Muller F, Schnopp N, et al. Prospective, randomized controlled trial on lactobacillus rhamnosus in infants with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Br J Dermatol. 2006;155(6):1256-1261.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Arvilommi H, Kero P, Koskinen P, Isolauri E. Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: A randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2001;357(9262):1076-1079.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Poussa T, Arvilommi H, Isolauri E. Probiotics and prevention of atopic disease: 4-year follow-up of a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2003;361(9372):1869-1871.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Kirjavainen PV, Salminen SJ, Isolauri E. Probiotic bacteria in the management of atopic disease: Underscoring the importance of viability. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutrition. 2003;36(2):223-227

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Leung TF, Ma KC, Cheung LT, et al. A randomized, single-blind and crossover study of an amino acid-based milk formula in treating young children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2004;15(6):558-561.

Therapy:
NHP: amino acids

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Panahi Y, Sharif MR,Sharif A., et al. A randomized comparative trial on the therapeutic efficacy of topical aloe vera and calendula officinalis on diaper dermatitis in children. Scientific World J. 2012;10:134

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Roze JC, Barbarot S, Butel MJ, et al. An alpha-lactalbumin-enriched and symbiotic-supplemented v. a standard infant formula: A multicentre, double-blind, randomised trial. Brit J Nutrition. 2012;107(11):1616-1622.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Gore C, Custovic A, Tannock GW, et al. Treatment and secondary prevention effects of the probiotics lactobacillus paracasei or bifidobacterium lactis on early infant eczema: Randomized controlled trial with follow-up until age 3 years. Clin Experiment Allergy. 2012;42(1):112-122.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Wickens K, Black P, Stanley TV, et al. A protective effect of lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 against eczema in the first 2 years of life persists to age 4 years. Clin Experiment Allergy. 2012;42(7):1071-1079.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
Hon KL, Leung TF, Ng PC, et al. Therapeutic effect and safety of a traditional chinese medicine for atopic dermatitis in children: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Hong Kong Med J. 2011;17(Suppl 2):38-40.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Atopic dermatitis

Citation:
AlFaleh K, Anabrees J, Bassler D, AlKharfi T. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2009(9):CD007849.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Autism

Citation:
Amminger GP, Berger GE, Schafer MR, Klier C, Friedrich MH, Feucht M. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in children with autism: A double-blind randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study. Biological Psychiatry. 2007;61(4):551-553.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Autism

Citation:
Whipple J. Music in intervention for children and adolescents with autism: a meta-analysis. J Music Therapy. 2004;41(2):90-106.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Autism

Citation:
Cheuk DK, Wong V, Chen WX. Acupuncture for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; 10

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Autism

Citation:
Millward C, Ferriter M, Calver S, Connell-Jones G. Gluten- and casein-free diets for autistic spectrum disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2008;16(2):CD003498.

Therapy:
gluten and casein-free diets

Autism

Citation:
Dosman CF, Brian JA, Drmic IE, et al. Children with autism: Effect of iron supplementation on sleep and ferritin. Pediatr Neurol. 2007;36(3):152-158.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Autism

Citation:
Yan YF, Wei YY, Chen YH, Chen MM. [Effect of acupuncture on rehabilitation training of child's autism]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(7):503-505.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Autism

Citation:
Wang CN, Liu Y, Wei XH, Li LX. [Effects of electroacupuncture combined with behavior therapy on intelligence and behavior of children of autism]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(9):660-662.

Therapy:
electroacupuncture

Autism

Citation:
Adams JB, Holloway C. Pilot study of a moderate dose multivitamin/mineral supplement for children with autistic spectrum disorder J altern complement med. 2005 aug;11(4):749. J Altern Complement Med. 2004;10(6):1033-1039.

Therapy:
NHP: multivitamin, micronutrient

Autism

Citation:
Allam H, ElDine NG, Helmy G. Scalp acupuncture effect on language development in children with autism: A pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2008;14(2):109-114.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Autism

Citation:
Kim J, Wigram T, Gold C. The effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in autistic children: A randomized controlled study. J Autism Dev Disord. 2008;38(9):1758-1766.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Autism

Citation:
Kim J, Wigram T, Gold C. Emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness of children with autism in improvisational music therapy. Autism. 2009;13(4):389-409.

Therapy:
music therapy

Autism

Citation:
Nye C, Brice A. Combined vitamin B6-magnesium treatment in autism spectrum disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;19 (4):D003497

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin B6, magnesium

Autism

Citation:
Silva LM, Cignolini A, Warren R, Budden S, SkowronGooch A. Improvement in sensory impairment and social interaction in young children with autism following treatment with an original qigong massage methodology. Am J Chin Med. 2007;35(3):393-406.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Autism

Citation:
Corbett Shickman K, Ferrer E. Brief report: The effects of tomatis sound therapy on language in children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2008;38(3):562-566.

Therapy:
Tomatis sound therapy

Autism

Citation:
Pineda JA, Brang D, Hecht E, et al. Positive behavioral and electrophysiological changes following neurofeedback training in children with autism. Res Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2008;2(3):557-581.

Therapy:
neurofeedback

Autism

Citation:
Chan AS, Cheung MC, Sze SL, Leung WW. Seven-star needle stimulation improves language and social interaction of children with autistic spectrum disorders. Am J Chin Med. 2009;37(3):495-504.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

autism

Citation:
Silva LM, Schalock M, Ayres R, Bunse C, Budden S. Qigong massage treatment for sensory and self-regulation problems in young children with autism: A randomized controlled trial. American J Occupational Therapy. 2009;63(4):423-432.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Autism

Citation:
Adams JB, Baral M, Geis E, et al. Safety and efficacy of oral DMSA therapy for children with autism spectrum disorders: Part B - behavioral results. BMC clinical pharmacology. 2009;9:17

Therapy:
NHP: DMSA

Autism

Citation:
Escalona A, Field T, SingerStrunck R, Cullen C, Hartshorn K. Brief report: Improvements in the behavior of children with autism following massage therapy. J Autism Dev Disord. 2001;31(5):513-516.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Autism

Citation:
Elizabeth G, Eva G, Melissa L, et al. Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism. BMC Pediatr. 2011;11:111.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamins, mineral

Autism

Citation:
Adams JB, Audhya T, McDonough-Means S, et al. Effect of a vitamin/mineral supplement on children and adults with autism. BMC Pediatr. 2011;11:111.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamins, mineral

Autism

Citation:
Geretsegger M, Holck U, Gold C. Randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy's effectiveness for children with autism spectrum disorders (TIME-A): Study protocol. BMC Pediatr. 2012;12:2.

Therapy:
music therapy

Autism

Citation:
Silva LM, Schalock M, Gabrielsen K. Early intervention for autism with a parent-delivered qigong massage program: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Occup Ther. 2011;65(5):550-559.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Autism

Citation:
Hasanzadeh E, Mohammadi MR, Ghanizadeh A, et al. A double-blind placebo controlled trial of Ginkgo biloba added to risperidone in patients with autistic disorders. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2012;43(5):674-682.

Therapy:
NHP: Ginko biloba

Autism

Citation:
Chan AS, Sze SL, Siu NY, Lau EM, Cheung MC. A chinese mind-body exercise improves self-control of children with autism: A randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2013;8(7):e68184.

Therapy:
mind-body exercise

Autism

Citation:
Kouijzer ME, van Schie HT, Gerrits BJ, Buitelaar JK, de Moor JM. Is EEG-biofeedback an effective treatment in autism spectrum disorders? A randomized controlled trial. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2013;38(1):17-28.

Therapy:
EEG-biofeedback

Cancer

Citation:
Okur A, Ezgu FS, Tumer L, et al. Effects of oral glutamine supplementation on children with solid tumors receiving chemotherapy. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2006;23(4):277-285.

Therapy:
NHP: glutamine

Cancer

Citation:
Wild,M.R.; Espie,C.A.The efficacy of hypnosis in the reduction of procedural pain and distress in pediatric oncology: a systematic review.J.Dev.Behav.Pediatr.2004;25(3):207-213.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Cancer

Citation:
Bishop F, Prescott P, Chan Y, Saville J, Elm E von, Lewith G. Prevalence of complementary medicine use in pediatric cancer: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2010; 125 (4) :768-777

Therapy:
CAM

Cancer

Citation:
Hughes D, Ladas E, Rooney D, Kelly K. Massage therapy as a supportive care intervention for children with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2008;35(3):431-442.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Cancer

Citation:
Rheingans JI. A systematic review of nonpharmacologic adjunctive therapies for symptom management in children with cancer. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2007;24(2):81.

Therapy:
CAM

Cancer

Citation:
Robb SL, Clair AA, Watanabe M, Monahan PO, Azzouz F, Stouffer JW, et al. Randomized controlled trial of the active music engagement (AME) intervention on children with cancer. Psychooncology. 2008;17(7):699-708.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Cancer

Citation:
Richardson J, Smith JE, McCall G, Pilkington K. Hypnosis for procedure-related pain and distress in pediatric cancer patients: a systematic review of effectiveness and methodology related to hypnosis interventions. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2006 Jan;31(1):70-84.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Cancer

Citation:
Tome-Pires C, Miro J. Hypnosis for the management of chronic and cancer procedure-related pain in children. Internat J Clin Experiment Hypnosis.2012;60(4):432-457.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Cancer

Citation:
Post-White J, Fitzgerald M, Savik K, Hooke MC, Hannahan AB, Sencer SF. Massage therapy for children with cancer. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2009;26(1):16-28.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Cancer

Citation:
Liossi C, White P, Hatira P. A randomized clinical trial of a brief hypnosis intervention to control venepuncture-related pain of paediatric cancer patients. Pain. 2009;142(3):255-263.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Cancer

Citation:
Beate W, Christina S, Nils L, et al. A Randomised placebo-controlled pilot study of pericardium 6 acupressure and acupuncture as additive antiemitic therapy during chemotherapy in children and adolescents. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008;50(5(supplement)):171.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cancer

Citation:
Dagdemir A, Yildirim H, Aliyazicioglu Y, Kanber Y, Albayrak D, Acar S. Does vitamin A prevent high-dose-methotrexate-induced D-xylose malabsorption in children with cancer? Support Care Cancer. 2004;12(4):263-267.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

Cancer

Citation:
Garami M, Schuler D, Babosa M, et al. Fermented wheat germ extract reduces chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia in pediatric cancer patients. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2004;26(10):631-635.

Therapy:
NHP: Fermented wheat germ extract

Cancer

Citation:
Pillai AK, Sharma KK, Gupta YK, Bakhshi S. Anti-emetic effect of ginger powder versus placebo as an add-on therapy in children and young adults receiving high emetogenic chemotherapy. Pediatric blood & cancer. 2011;56(2):234-238.

Therapy:
NHP: ginger

Cancer

Citation:
Yeh CH, Chien LC, Chiang YC, Lin SW, Huang CK, Ren D. Reduction in nausea and vomiting in children undergoing cancer chemotherapy by either appropriate or sham auricular acupuncture points with standard care. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(4):334-340.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cancer

Citation:
Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben-Gal Y, et al. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication TRAUMEEL S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer. 2001;92(3):684-690.

Therapy:
NHP: Homeopathy

Cancer

Citation:
Shi X, Tian L, Zhu XD, Wang HM, Qin H. Effect of chinese drugs combining with chemotherapy on quality of life in 146 children with solid tumor. Chinese J Integrat Med. 2011;17(1):31-34.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Deng JE, Pan QL, Zhang LM. [Influence of scalp acupuncture combined with modern rehabilitation on the treatment of infantile cerebral palsy]. Zhongguo Linchuang Kangfu. 2005;9(7):120-121.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Huang M, Fan HF, Lei SE. [Scalp-acupuncture plus body-acupuncture for treatment of spastic cerebral palsy and its effects on bone density and trace elements in the diseased children]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(6):395-397.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Zhang Y, Liu J, Wang J, He Q. Traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of cerebral palsy in children: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. J Altern Complement Med.2010;16(4):375.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Vanasse M, Marois P. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for children with cerebral palsy: A mulicenter placebo controlled randomised clinical trial. Eur J Neurology. 2002;9(Suppl 2):244.

Therapy:
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Zhong, X. B, Xia, Z. H, Kong, Y. Y, Yuan, Y., and Liu,L.W. [Clinical observation on acupuncture combined with motortherapy for early treatment of cerebral palsy high risk infants]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(2):106-108.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Liu ZH, Qi YC, Pan PG, et al. [Effect of acupuncture-moxibustion combined with nerve growth factor on compensation of cerebral function in the children of cerebral palsy]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(8):565-568.

Therapy:
acupuncture, Moxibustion

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Zhang NX, Liu GZ, Sun KX, Hao JD. [Clinical study of the treatment of infant cerebral palsy with warm-reinforcing needling combined with rehabilitation training]. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2007;32(4):260-263.

Therapy:
acupuncture vs modern rehab training

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
He J, Dong XL, Duan YH, et al. [Randomized controlled study on AMIE methods for treatment of movement disorder in the child of convulsive cerebral palsy]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(11):797-800.

Therapy:
acupuncture, massage

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Wong VCN, Wong CL. Effect of acupuncture in a child with chronic bell's palsy. J Altern Complement Med. 2007;18(8):879.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
KilpinenLoisa P, Nenonen H, Pihko H, Makitie O. High-dose vitamin D supplementation in children with cerebral palsy or neuromuscular disorder. Neuropediatrics. 2007;38(4):167-172.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Liu ZH, Pan PG, Ma MM. [Effects of acupuncture on quality of life in children with spastic cerebral palsy]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2007;27(3):214-216.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Redman TA, Gibson N, Finn JC, Bremner AP, Valentine J, Thickbroom GW. Upper limb corticomotor projections and physiological changes that occur with botulinum toxin-A therapy in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Eur J Neurol. 2008;15(8):787-791.

Therapy:
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Ji YH, Sun BD, Zhang J, Zhang R, Ji YH. [Therapeutic effect of scalp-acupuncture combined with exercise therapy on spastic cerebral palsy of the child]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008;28(10):723-726.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Jiang MM. [Clinical observations on the efficacy of acupuncture and massotherapy as main therapy for treatment of infantile cerebral palsy]. Shanghai J Acupunct Moxibustion. 2004;23(06):16-17.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Kerr C, McDowell B, McDonough S. Electrical stimulation in cerebral palsy: a review of effects on strength and motor function. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2004;46(3):205-213.

Therapy:
electrical stimulation

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Liu Y, Jia R, Cai SH, Lin YF. [Clinical observation on head-body reaction electro-acupuncture for 35 cases of infantile cerebral palsy]. Fujian J Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2002;33(6):10.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Sethi A, Mukherjee A. To see the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in gross motor abilities of cerebreal palsay children of 2-5 years, given initially as an adjunct to occupational therapy. Indian J Occupational Therapy. 2003;15(1):7-12.

Therapy:
hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Wang JY, Zhang HJ, Wang YM. [Clinical research on the treatment of 200 cases of infantile cerebral palsy with acupuncture as main therapy]. Shanghai J Acupunct Moxibustion. 2002;21(4):13.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Yuan Q, Wang QY, Feng JQ, Zhang ZT, Chen XY, Jin R. [Influence of different needle-retaining duration on cerebral hemodynamics of cerebral paralysis children]. World J Acupunct Moxibustion. 2004;14(02):7-10.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Guan Z. [Clinical observation of 150 children with cerebral palsy treated with acupuncture]. Journal of clinical acupuncture and moxibustion. 2002;18(1):11.

Therapy:
Acupuncture, Moxibustion

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Bischof FM. An evidence-based review of hyperbaric oxygen for children with cerebral palsy. South African J Physiotherapy. 2001;57(4):21-22.

Therapy:
hyperbaric oxygen

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Duncan B, McDonoughMeans S, Worden K, Schnyer R, Andrews J, Meaney FJ. Effectiveness of osteopathy in the cranial field and myofascial release versus acupuncture as complementary treatment for children with spastic cerebral palsy: A pilot study. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2008;108(10):559-570.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
McGibbon NH, Benda W, Duncan BR, SilkwoodSherer D. Immediate and long-term effects of hippotherapy on symmetry of adductor muscle activity and functional ability in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;90(6):966-974.

Therapy:
Hippotherapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Wu L, Yu H, Liu Y. Combined treatment using acupuncture and music therapy on children with cerebral palsy: Gross motor function measure comparison in 60 cases. Neural Regeneration Research. 2008;3(6):694-696.

Therapy:
acupuncture and music therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Wang XF, Hu XL. Therapeutic effects on spastic cerebral palsy in children: Acupuncture and massage at the shu and he acupoints versus routine acupoints. Neural Regeneration Research. 2008;3(1):53-56.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Yu H, Liu Y, Li S, Ma X. Effects of music on anxiety and pain in children with cerebral palsy receiving acupuncture: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(11):1423-1430.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Su XZ, Zhao YG. [Clinical observation on scalp point injection to improve the cerebral microcirculation for children of early cerebral palsy]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009;29(10):795-798.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Zhai W, Chen JJ, Xiong J, Ye Z. [Observation on therapeutic effect of treatment for children with cerebral palsy by acupuncture]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009;29(11):868-872.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Yu HB, Liu YF, Wu LX. Acupuncture combined with music therapy for treatment of 30 cases of cerebral palsy. J Tradit Chin Med. 2009;29(4):243-248.

Therapy:
acupuncture and Music therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Zhang HY, Lu SF, Xiao N, Effect of warming moxibustionon Shenque acupoint for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children with infantile cerebral palsy. Chin J Int Med. 2009;15(6)454-457.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Benda W, McGibbon NH, Grant KL. Improvements in muscle symmetry in children with cerebral palsy after equine-assisted therapy (hippotherapy). J Altern Complement Med. 2003;9(6):817-825.

Therapy:
Hippotherapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Chan NNC, Smith AW, Lo SK. Efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in improving ankle kinetics during walking in children with cerebral palsy. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. 2004;22:50-56.

Therapy:
neuromuscular electrical stimulation

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Collet JP, Vanasse M, Marois P, et al. Hyperbaric oxygen for children with cerebral palsy: A randomised multicentre trial. HBO-CP research group. Lancet. 2001;357(9256):582-586.

Therapy:
hyberbaric chamber

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Duncan B, Barton L, Edmonds D, Blashill BM. Parental perceptions of the therapeutic effect from osteopathic manipulation or acupuncture in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Clin Pediatr. 2004;43(4):349-353.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Dursun E, Dursun N, Alican D. Effects of biofeedback treatment on gait in children with cerebral palsy. Disabil Rehabil. 2004;26(2):116-120.

Therapy:
Biofeedback treatment

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Hardy P, Collet JP, Goldberg J, et al. Neuropsychological effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2002;44(7):436-446.

Therapy:
hyperbaric oxygen

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Duncan B, Shen K, Zou LP, et al. Evaluating intense rehabilitative therapies with and without acupuncture for children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012;93(5):808-815.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Peng YC, Lu TW, Wang TH, et al. Immediate effects of therapeutic music on loaded sit-to-stand movement in children with spastic diplegia. Gait Posture. 2011;33(2):274-278.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Cerebral palsy

Citation:
Wyatt K, Edwards V, Franck L, et al. Cranial osteopathy for children with cerebral palsy: A randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2011;96(6):505-512.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation

Cognitive development

Citation:
Henriksen C, Haugholt K, Lindgren M, et al. Improved cognitive development among preterm infants attributable to early supplementation of human milk with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid. Pediatrics. 2008;121(6):1137-1145.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Cognitive development

Citation:
Gogia S, Sachdev HS. Zinc supplementation for mental and motor development in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;12:007991 .

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Cognitive development

Citation:
Falkingham M, Abdelhamid A, Curtis P, et al. The effects of oral iron supplementation on cognition in older children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition J. 2010;9(4):4.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Cognitive development

Citation:
Steinmacher J, Pohlandt F, Bode H, Sander S, Kron M, Franz AR. Randomized trial of early versus late enteral iron supplementation in infants with a birth weight of less than 1301 grams: Neurocognitive development at 5.3 years' corrected age. Pediatrics. 2007;120(3):538-546.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Cognitive development

Citation:
Qawasmi A, Landeros-Weisenberger A, Leckman JF, Bloch MH. Meta-analysis of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Supplementation of Formula and Infant Cognition. Pediatrics.2012.129(6):1141-1149.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid

Cognitive development

Citation:
Drover J, Hoffman DR, Castaneda YS, Morale SE, Birch EE. Three randomized controlled trials of early long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on means-end problem solving in 9-month-olds. Child Dev. 2009;80(5):1376-1384.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)

Cognitive development

Citation:
Black MM, Sazawal S, Black RE, Khosla S, Kumar J, Menon V. Cognitive and motor development among small-for-gestational-age infants: Impact of zinc supplementation, birth weight, and caregiving practices. Pediatrics. 2004;113(5):1297-1305.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Cognitive development

Citation:
Pongcharoen T, DiGirolamo AM, Ramakrishnan U, Winichagoon P, Flores R, Martorell R. Long-term effects of iron and zinc supplementation during infancy on cognitive function at 9 y of age in northeast thai children: A follow-up study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(3):636-643.

Therapy:
NHP: micronutrients Zinc and iron

Cognitive development

Citation:
Siegel EH, Kordas K, Stoltzfus RJ, et al. Inconsistent effects of iron-folic acid and/or zinc supplementation on the cognitive development of infants. J Health Popul Nutr. 2011;29(6):593-604.

Therapy:
NHP: Iron-folic acid, zinc

Cognitive development

Citation:
de Kieviet JF, Oosterlaan J, Vermeulen RJ, Pouwels PJ, Lafeber HN, van Elburg RM. Effects of glutamine on brain development in very preterm children at school age. Pediatrics. 2012;130(5):e1121-7.

Therapy:
NHP: Glutamin

Cognitive development

Citation:
Jong CD, Kikkert HK, Fidler V, Hadders-Algra M. Effects of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of infant formula on cognition and behaviour at 9years of age. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2012;54(12):1102-1108.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid

Cognitive development

Citation:
Berglund SK, Westrup B, Hägglöf B, Hernell O, Domellöf M. Effects of iron supplementation of LBW infants on cognition and behavior at 3 years. Pediatrics. 2013;131(1):47-55.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Cognitive development

Citation:
Meldrum SJ, D'Vaz N, Simmer K, Dunstan JA, Hird K, Prescott SL. Effects of high-dose fish oil supplementation during early infancy on neurodevelopment and language: A randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2012;108(8):1443-1454.

Therapy:
NHP: fish oil

Cognitive development

Citation:
Guzzetta A, D'Acunto MG, Carotenuto M, et al. The effects of preterm infant massage on brain electrical activity. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011;53 Suppl 4:46-51.

Therapy:
massage

Cognitive development

Citation:
Surkan PJ, Siegel EH, Patel SA, et al. Effects of zinc and iron supplementation fail to improve motor and language milestone scores of infants and toddlers. Nutrition. 2013;29(3):542-548.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc and iron

Cognitive development

Citation:
Parletta N, Cooper P, Gent DN, Petkov J, O'Dea K. Effects of fish oil supplementation on learning and behaviour of children from australian indigenous remote community schools: A randomised controlled trial. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2013;89(2-3):71-79.

Therapy:
NHP: fish oil

Cognitive development

Citation:
Alipour Z, Eskandari N, Ahmari Tehran H, Eshagh Hossaini SK, Sangi S. Effects of music on physiological and behavioral responses of premature infants: A randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2013;19(3):128-132.

Therapy:
music therapy

Cognitive development

Citation:
Colombo J, Carlson SE, Cheatham CL, et al. Long-term effects of LCPUFA supplementation on childhood cognitive outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(2):403-412.

Therapy:
NHP: polyunsaturated fatty acid

Cognitive development

Citation:
Willatts P, Forsyth S, Agostoni C, Casaer P, Riva E, Boehm G. Effects of long-chain PUFA supplementation in infant formula on cognitive function in later childhood. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(2):536S-42S.

Therapy:
NHP: polyunsaturated fatty acids

Cognitive development

Citation:
Kuratko CN, Barrett EC, Nelson EB, Salem N. The relationship of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with learning and behavior in healthy children: a review. Nutrients.2013;5(7):2777-2810.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Cognitive development

Citation:
Bougma K, Aboud FE, Harding KB, Marquis GS. Iodine and mental development of children 5 years old and under: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrients, 2013; 5 (4): 1384-1416

Therapy:
NHP: iodine

Colic

Citation:
Dobson D, Lucassen PL, Miller JJ, et al. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic. Cochrane Database Syst.Rev. 2012;12.

Therapy:
manipulative therapies

Colic

Citation:
Perry R, Hunt K, Ernst E. Nutritional supplements and other complementary medicines for infantile colic: a systematic review. Pediatrics.2011;127(4):720-733.

Therapy:
NHP: nutritional supplements

Colic

Citation:
Ernst E. Chiropractic spinal manipulation for infant colic: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. International J Clin Practice. 2009;63(9):1351

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Colic

Citation:
Hayden C, Mullinger B. A preliminary assessment of the impact of cranial osteopathy for the relief of infantile colic. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2006;12(2):83-90.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation

Colic

Citation:
Alcantara,Joel; Alcantara,Joey D.; Alcantara,Junjoe The chiropractic care of infants with colic: a systematic review of the literature.2011; 7(3):168

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Colic

Citation:
Savino F, Pelle E, Palumeri E, Oggero R, Miniero R. Lactobacillus reuteri (american type culture collection strain 55730) versus simethicone in the treatment of infantile colic: A prospective randomized study. Pediatrics. 2007;119(1):e124-30.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Colic

Citation:
Arikan D, Alp H, Gozum S, Orbak Z, Cifci EK. Effectiveness of massage, sucrose solution, herbal tea or hydrolysed formula in the treatment of infantile colic. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17(13):1754-1761.

Therapy:
NHP: sucrose solution, herbal tea or hydrolysed formula and massage

Colic

Citation:
Reinthal M, Andersson S, Gustafsson M, et al. Effects of minimal acupuncture in children with infantile colic - a prospective, quasi-randomised single blind controlled trial. Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society. 2008;26(3):171-182.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Colic

Citation:
Browning M, Miller J. Comparison of the short-term effects of chiropractic spinal manipulation and occipito-sacral decompression in the treatment of infant colic: A single-blinded, randomised, comparison trial. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Akupunktur. 2009;53(3):50-51.

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Colic

Citation:
Alexandrovich I, Rakovitskaya O, Kolmo E, Sidorova T, Shushunov S. The effect of fennel (foeniculum vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2003;9(4):58-61.

Therapy:
NHP: fennel seed oil

Colic

Citation:
Bennedbaek O, Viktor J, Carlsen KS, Roed H, Vinding H, LundbyeChristensen S. [Infants with colic. A heterogenous group possible to cure? treatment by pediatric consultation followed by a study of the effect of zone therapy on incurable colic]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2001;163(27):3773-3778.

Therapy:
reflexological treatment

Colic

Citation:
Landgren K, Kvorning N, Hallstrom I. Feeding, stooling and sleeping patterns in infants with colic - a randomized controlled trial of minimal acupuncture. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2011;11.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Colic

Citation:
Miller JE, Newell D, Bolton JE. Efficacy of chiropractic manual therapy on infant colic: A pragmatic single-blind, randomized controlled trial. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35(8):600-607.

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Colic

Citation:
Karadag N, Dilli D, Dursun A, et al. Treatment of infantile colic with lactobacillus reuteri and the relationship with postpartum depression: A randomized controlled trial study. Arch Dis Child. 2012;97(Suppl 2):A474-A475.

Therapy:
NHP: Lactobacillus Reuteri

Colic

Citation:
Alcantara J, Alcantara JD, Alcantara J. The chiropractic care of infants with colic: A systematic review of the literature. Explore (NY).2011;7(3):168-174. - Systematic Review

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Colic

Citation:
Anabrees J, Indrio F, Paes B, AlFaleh K. Probiotics for infantile colic: A systematic review. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13:186-2431-13-186. - Systematic review

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Common cold

Citation:
Leyer GJ, Li S, Mubasher ME, Reifer C, Ouwehand AC. Probiotic effects on cold and influenza-like symptom incidence and duration in children. Pediatrics. 2009;124(2):e172-9.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotic supplementation

Common cold

Citation:
Gruber C, Riesberg A, Mansmann U, Knipschild P, Wahn U, Buhring M. The effect of hydrotherapy on the incidence of common cold episodes in children: A randomised clinical trial. Eur J Pediatr. 2003;162(3):168-176.

Therapy:
hydrotherapy

Common cold

Citation:
Rerksuppaphol S, Rerksuppaphol L. Randomized controlled trial of probiotics to reduce common cold in schoolchildren. Pediatrics International. 2012;54(5):682-687.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Common cold

Citation:
Rahmati MB, Safdarian F, Hamedi Y, Khadem AA, Rezai MS. Efficacy and safety of echinacea root extracts in the treatment of pediatric common cold: A randomised clinical trial. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2012;22(93):11-18.

Therapy:
NHP: echinacea

Common cold

Citation:
Singh M, Das RR. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;6:CD001364.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Jagannath,Vanitha A.; Fedorowicz,Zbys; Thaker,Vidhu; Chang,Anne B.Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2011;1.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin K

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Ferguson,Janet H.; Chang,Anne B.Vitamin D supplementation for cystic fibrosis.Cochrane Database Syst.Rev..2010;11:

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Shamseer L, Adams D, Brown N, Johnson JA, Vohra S. Antioxidant micronutrients for lung disease in cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009(1).

Therapy:
NHP: antioxidant micronutrients

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Irons YJ, Kenny TD, Chang AB. Singing for children and adults with cystic fibrosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010(4)

Therapy:
singing

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Huth,M.M.; Zink,K.A.; Van Horn,N.R.The effects of massage therapy in improving outcomes for youth with cystic fibrosis: an evidence review. Pediatr Nurs. 2005;31(4):328-332.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Oudshoorn JH, Klijn PH, Hofman Z, et al. Dietary supplementation with multiple micronutrients: No beneficial effects in pediatric cystic fibrosis patients. J Cystic Fibrosis. 2007;6(1):35-40.

Therapy:
NHP: micronutrients

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Abdulhamid I, Millard S, Beck F, Chen X, Van Wagnen C, Prasad A. Effect of zinc supplementation on respiratory tract infections in children with cystic fibrosis [abstract]. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005;40 Suppl 28:348.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Abdulhamid I, Beck FW, Millard S, Chen X, Prasad A. Effect of zinc supplementation on respiratory tract infections in children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43(3):281-287.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Hillman LS, Cassidy JT, Popescu MF, Hewett JE, Kyger J, Robertson JD. Percent true calcium absorption, mineral metabolism, and bone mineralization in children with cystic fibrosis: Effect of supplementation with vitamin D and calcium. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43(8):772-780.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium and Vitamin D

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
van Hoorn JH, Schurgers JJ, Vermeer C, Escher HC, Hendriks HJ. The effect of vitamin K supplementation on bone status in children with cystic fibrosis [abstract]. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43 Suppl 31:421.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin K

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Gontijo-Amaral C, Guimaraes EV, Camargos P. Oral magnesium supplementation in children with cystic fibrosis improves clinical and functional variables: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96(1):50-56.

Therapy:
NHP: magnesium

Cystic fibrosis

Citation:
Ferguson JH, Chang AB, Surkan PJ, et al. Vitamin D supplementation for cystic fibrosis; beneficial effects of zinc supplementation on head circumference of nepalese infants and toddlers: A randomized controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;4; 66(7):CD007298; 836-842.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Diarrhea

Citation:
Goldenberg JZ, Ma SS, Saxton JD, et al. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013(5):CD006095

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Korterink JJ, Ockeloen L, Benninga MA, et al. Probiotics for childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(4):365-372.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Johnston BC, Goldenberg JZ, Vandvik PO, Sun X, Guyatt GH.Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;11:CD004827

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Lukacik M, Thomas RL, Aranda JV. A meta-analysis of the effects of oral zinc in the treatment of acute and persistent diarrhea. Pediatrics.2008;121(2):326-336.

Therapy:
NHP: oral zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Wagner JV, Moe-Byrne T, Grover Z, McGuire W. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;7:005947.

Therapy:
NHP: glutamine

Diarrhea

Citation:
Vandenplas Y, De Greef E, Hauser B, Devreker T, Veereman-Wauters G. Probiotics and prebiotics in pediatric diarrheal disorders. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2013;14(4):397-409.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Horvath A, Szajewska H. Probiotics, prebiotics, and dietary fiber in the management of functional gastrointestinal disorders. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2013;108:40-48

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Aggarwal R, Sentz J, Miller MA. Role of zinc administration in prevention of childhood diarrhea and respiratory illnesses: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics.2011; 119(6):1120

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Lei V, Friis H, Michaelsen KF. Spontaneously fermented millet product as a natural probiotic treatment for diarrhoea in young children: An intervention study in northern Ghana. Int J Food Microbiol. 2006;110(3):246-253.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Sharieff W, Bhutta Z, Schauer C, Tomlinson G, Zlotkin S. Micronutrients (including zinc) reduce diarrhoea in children: The pakistan sprinkles diarrhoea study. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91(7):573-579.

Therapy:
NHP: Micronutrients (incl zinc)

Diarrhea

Citation:
Richard SA, Zavaleta N, Caulfield LE, Black RE, Witzig RS, Shankar AH. Zinc and iron supplementation and malaria, diarrhea, and respiratory infections in children in the peruvian amazon. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006;75(1):126-132.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Grover Z, Tubman R, McGuire W. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;1:005947 .

Therapy:
NHP: glutamine

Diarrhea

Citation:
Becker B, Kuhn U, HardewigBudny B. Double-blind, randomized evaluation of clinical efficacy and tolerability of an apple pectin-chamomile extract in children with unspecific diarrhea. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56(6):387-393.

Therapy:
NHP: pectin, chamomile

Diarrhea

Citation:
Fischer Walker CL, Bhutta ZA, Bhandari N, et al. Zinc supplementation for the treatment of diarrhea in infants in pakistan, india and ethiopia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006;43(3):357-363.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Jump VK, Fargo JD, Akers JF. Impact of massage therapy on health outcomes among orphaned infants in ecuador: Results of a randomized clinical trial. Fam Community Health. 2006;29(4):314-319.

Therapy:
Massage

Diarrhea

Citation:
Long KZ, Santos JI, Estrada Garcia T, et al. Vitamin A supplementation reduces the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 intestinal immune response of mexican children. J Nutr. 2006;136(10):2600-2605.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

Diarrhea

Citation:
Jacobs J, Guthrie BL, Montes GA, et al. Homeopathic combination remedy in the treatment of acute childhood diarrhea in honduras. J Altern Complement Med. 2006;12(8):723-732.

Therapy:
NHP: Homeopathy

Diarrhea

Citation:
Long KZ, Rosado JL, DuPont HL, Hertzmark E, Santos JI. Supplementation with vitamin A reduces watery diarrhoea and respiratory infections in mexican children. Br J Nutr. 2007;97(2):337-343.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin A

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gupta DN, Rajendran K, Mondal SK, Ghosh S, Bhattacharya SK. Operational feasibility of implementing community-based zinc supplementation: Impact on childhood diarrheal morbidity. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26(4):306-310.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gupta DN, Rajendran K, Mondal SK, Ghosh S, Bhattacharya SK. Operational feasibility of implementing community-based zinc supplementation: Impact on childhood diarrheal morbidity. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007;26(4):306-310.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Tanchoco CC, Cruz AJ, Rogaccion JM, et al. Diet supplemented with MCT oil in the management of childhood diarrhea. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(2):286-292.

Therapy:
NHP: MCT oil supplementation

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gregorio GV, Dans LF, Cordero CP, Panelo CA. Zinc supplementation reduced cost and duration of acute diarrhea in children. J Clin Epidemiol. 2007;60(6):560-566.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Swami HM, Thakur JS, Bhatia SP. Impact of mass supplementation of vitamin A. Indian J Pediatr. 2007;74(5):443-447.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

Diarrhea

Citation:
Roy SK, Tomkins AM, Akramuzzaman SM, et al. Impact of zinc supplementation on subsequent morbidity and growth in bangladeshi children with persistent diarrhoea. J Health Popul Nutr. 2007;25(1):67-74.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
LievinLe Moal V, SarrazinDavila LE, Servin AL. An experimental study and a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the antisecretory activity of lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB against nonrotavirus diarrhea. Pediatrics. 2007;120(4):e795-803.

Therapy:
NHP: lactobacillus

Diarrhea

Citation:
Yang Y, Yan HM. [Clinical research on effects of yunpi zhixie granule in children with diarrhea]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2006;26(10):899-902.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Diarrhea

Citation:
Henker J, Laass M, Blokhin BM, et al. The probiotic escherichia coli strain nissle 1917 (EcN) stops acute diarrhoea in infants and toddlers. Eur J Pediatr. 2007;166(4):311-318.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Agustina R, Lukito W, Firmansyah A, Suhardjo HN, Murniati D, Bindels J. The effect of early nutritional supplementation with a mixture of probiotic, prebiotic, fiber and micronutrients in infants with acute diarrhea in indonesia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(3):435-442.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotic, prebiotic, fiber and micronutrients

Diarrhea

Citation:
Awasthi S. Zinc supplementation in acute diarrhea is acceptable, does not interfere with oral rehydration, and reduces the use of other medications: A randomized trial in five countries - INCLEN childnet zinc effectiveness for diarrhea (IC-ZED) group. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006;42(3):300-305.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Htwe K, Yee KS, Tin M, Vandenplas Y. Effect of saccharomyces boulardii in the treatment of acute watery diarrhea in Myanmar children: A randomized controlled study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;78(2):214-216.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Cui MC, Li CH. [Clinical observation on drug-separated moxibustion at shenque (CV 8) for treatment of infantile autumn diarrhea]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008;28(3):194-196.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Diarrhea

Citation:
Bhandari N, Mazumder S, Taneja S, et al. Effectiveness of zinc supplementation plus oral rehydration salts compared with oral rehydration salts alone as a treatment for acute diarrhea in a primary care setting: A cluster randomized trial. Pediatrics. 2008;121(5):e1279-85.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Chouraqui JP, Grathwohl D, Labaune JM, et al. Assessment of the safety, tolerance, and protective effect against diarrhea of infant formulas containing mixtures of probiotics or probiotics and prebiotics in a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(5):1365-1373.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics and prebiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Henker J, Laass MW, Blokhin BM, et al. Probiotic escherichia coli nissle 1917 versus placebo for treating diarrhea of greater than 4 days duration in infants and toddlers. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008;27(6):494-499.

Therapy:
NHP: E coli Nissle 1917

Diarrhea

Citation:
Wang HL, Zhang SQ, Zhang PL, et al. [Multi-central randomized controlled investigation on the massage for supplementing qi and removing obstruction in the governor vessel for treatment of infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2008;28(11):813-816.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Diarrhea

Citation:
Wang JY, Liu WT, Liu CM. Clinical observation of infantile persisting diarrhea treated by spine-pinching manipulation plus moxibustion. J Acu Tuina Sci. 2003;1(6):17.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Diarrhea

Citation:
Zhou ZT, Lin XS. [Observations on the curative effect of acupoint injection plus moxibustion on infantile diarrhea] (in chinese). Shanghai journal of acupuncture and moxibustion. 2003;22(10):17-18.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Diarrhea

Citation:
Fajolu IB, Emokpae A, Oduwole AO, Silva BO, Abidoye RO, Renner JK. Zinc supplementation in children with acute diarrhoea. Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine. 2008;18(2):101-103.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Patel A, Dibley MJ, Mamtani M, Badhoniya N, Kulkarni H. Zinc and copper supplementation in acute diarrhea in children: A double-blind randomized controlled trial. BMC Med. 2009;7:22.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc and copper

Diarrhea

Citation:
NeriAlmeida D, Peixoto de Mattos A, Medrado Ribeiro TC, et al. Lack of effect of nucleotide-supplemented infant formula on the management of acute diarrhea in infants. Nutr Res. 2009;29(4):244-247.

Therapy:
NHP: nucleotide-supplemented infant formula

Diarrhea

Citation:
Basu S, Chatterjee M, Ganguly S, Chandra PK. Effect of lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in persistent diarrhea in indian children: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007;41(8):756-760.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Chhagan MK, Van den Broeck J, Luabeya KK, Mpontshane N, Tucker KL, Bennish ML. Effect of micronutrient supplementation on diarrhoeal disease among stunted children in rural south africa. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(7):850-857.

Therapy:
NHP: micronutrient supplementation

Diarrhea

Citation:
Canani RB, Cirillo P, Terrin G, et al. Probiotics for treatment of acute diarrhoea in children: Randomised clinical trial of five different preparations. BMJ. 2007;335(7615):340.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Merenstein DJ, Foster J, D'Amico F. A randomized clinical trial measuring the influence of kefir on antibiotic-associated diarrhea: The measuring the influence of kefir (MILK) study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(8):750-754.

Therapy:
NHP: Kefir

Diarrhea

Citation:
Eren M, Dinleyici EC, Vandenplas Y. Clinical efficacy comparison of saccharomyces boulardii and yogurt fluid in acute non-bloody diarrhea in children: A randomized, controlled, open label study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010;82(3):488-491.

Therapy:
NHP: Probioitcs

Diarrhea

Citation:
Chen CC, Kong Lai MW, Chao HC, et al. Probiotics have clinical, microbiologic, and immunologic efficacy in acute infectious diarrhea. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010;29(2):135-138.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Luabeya KK, Mpontshane N, Mackay M, et al. Zinc or multiple micronutrient supplementation to reduce diarrhea and respiratory disease in south african children: A randomized controlled trial. PloS One. 2007;2(6):e541.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc, and micronutrient

Diarrhea

Citation:
Iannotti LL, Zavaleta N, Leon Z, Huasquiche C, Shankar AH, Caulfield LE. Maternal zinc supplementation reduces diarrheal morbidity in peruvian infants. J Pediatr. 2010;156(6):960; Jun-964.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
AlSonboli N, Gurgel RQ, Shenkin A, Hart CA, Cuevas LE. Zinc supplementation in brazilian children with acute diarrhoea. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2003;23(1):3-8.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Alam NH, Meier R, Sarker SA, Bardhan PK, Schneider H, Gyr N. Partially hydrolysed guar gum supplemented comminuted chicken diet in persistent diarrhoea: A randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2005;90(2):195-199.

Therapy:
NHP: guar gum

Diarrhea

Citation:
Awasthi S, INCLEN Childnet Zinc Effectiveness for Diarrhea,Group. Zinc supplementation in acute diarrhea is acceptable, does not interfere with oral rehydration, and reduces the use of other medications: A randomized trial in five countries. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006;42(3):300-305.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Baqui AH, Black RE, El Arifeen S, et al. Effect of zinc supplementation started during diarrhoea on morbidity and mortality in bangladeshi children: Community randomised trial. BMJ. 2002;325(7372):1059.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Baqui AH, Zaman K, Persson LA, et al. Simultaneous weekly supplementation of iron and zinc is associated with lower morbidity due to diarrhea and acute lower respiratory infection in bangladeshi infants. J Nutr. 2003;133(12):4150-4157.

Therapy:
MHP: micronutrient

Diarrhea

Citation:
Bhandari N, Bahl R, Taneja S, et al. Substantial reduction in severe diarrheal morbidity by daily zinc supplementation in young north indian children. Pediatrics. 2002;109(6):e86.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Bhandari N, Bahl R, Taneja S, et al. Substantial reduction in severe diarrheal morbidity by daily zinc supplementation in young north indian children. Pediatrics. 2002;109(6):e86.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Bhatnagar S, Bahl R, Sharma PK, Kumar GT, Saxena SK, Bhan MK. Zinc with oral rehydration therapy reduces stool output and duration of diarrhea in hospitalized children: A randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;38(1):34-40.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Boran P, Tokuc G, Vagas E, Oktem S, Gokduman MK. Impact of zinc supplementation in children with acute diarrhoea in turkey. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91(4):296-299.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Brooks WA, Santosham M, Naheed A, et al. Effect of weekly zinc supplements on incidence of pneumonia and diarrhoea in children younger than 2 years in an urban, low-income population in bangladesh: Randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005;366(9490):999-1004.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc supplementation

Diarrhea

Citation:
Burks AW, Vanderhoof JA, Mehra S, Ostrom KM, Baggs G. Randomized clinical trial of soy formula with and without added fiber in antibiotic-induced diarrhea. J Pediatr. 2001;139(4):578-582.

Therapy:
soy formula with/out added fiber

Diarrhea

Citation:
Chouraqui JP, Van Egroo LD, Fichot MC. Acidified milk formula supplemented with bifidobacterium lactis: Impact on infant diarrhea in residential care settings. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;38(3):288-292.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Erdeve O, Tiras U, Dallar Y. The probiotic effect of saccharomyces boulardii in a pediatric age group. J Trop Pediatr. 2004;50(4):234-236.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gaon D, Garcia H, Winter L, et al. Effect of lactobacillus strains and saccharomyces boulardii on persistent diarrhea in children. Medicina. 2003;63(4):293-298.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Hoekstra JH, Szajewska H, Zikri MiceticTurk D, et al. Oral rehydration solution containing a mixture of non-digestible carbohydrates in the treatment of acute diarrhea: A multicenter randomized placebo controlled study on behalf of the ESPGHAN working group on intestinal infections. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;39(3):239-245.

Therapy:
NHP: non-digestible carbohydrates

Diarrhea

Citation:
Kotowska M, Albrecht P, Szajewska H. Saccharomyces boulardii in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in children: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005;21(5):583-590.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
La Rosa M, Bottaro G, Gulino N, et al. [Prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea with lactobacillus sporogens and fructo-oligosaccharides in children. A multicentric double-blind vs placebo study]. Minerva Pediatr. 2003;55(5):447-452.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Sur D, Manna B, Niyogi SK, et al. Role of probiotic in preventing acute diarrhoea in children: A community-based, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled field trial in an urban slum. Epidemiology & Infection. 2011;139(6):919-926.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotic

Diarrhea

Citation:
Vandenplas Y, De Hert SG, PROBIOTICAL-study g. Randomised clinical trial: The synbiotic food supplement probiotical vs. placebo for acute gastroenteritis in children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011;34(8):862-867.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotical

Diarrhea

Citation:
Agustina R, Kok FJ, van de Rest O, et al. Randomized trial of probiotics and calcium on diarrhea and respiratory tract infections in indonesian children. Pediatrics. 2012;129(5):e1155-e1164.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics and calcium

Diarrhea

Citation:
Riaz M, Alam S, Malik A, Ali SM. Efficacy and safety of saccharomyces boulardii in acute childhood diarrhea: A double blind randomised controlled trial. Indian J Pediatr. 2012;79(4):478-482

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Ndeezi G, Tylleskar T, Ndugwa CM, Tumwine JK. Multiple micronutrient supplementation does not reduce diarrhoea morbidity in ugandan HIV-infected children: A randomised controlled trial. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2012;32(1):14-21.

Therapy:
NHP: Multiple micronutrient supplementation

Diarrhea

Citation:
Francavilla R, Lionetti E, Castellaneta S, et al. Randomised clinical trial: Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 vs. placebo in children with acute diarrhoea--a double-blind study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012;36(4):363-369.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Nixon AF, Cunningham SJ, Cohen HW, Crain EF. The effect of lactobacillus GG on acute diarrheal illness in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012;28(10):1048-1051.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Chen XB, Luo JJ. Controlled observation of efficacy on herb-partitioned moxibustion and western medicine in the treatment of persistent and chronic diarrhea of children. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2013;33(2):113-116.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Diarrhea

Citation:
Malik A, Taneja DK, Devasenapathy N, Rajeshwari K. Short-course prophylactic zinc supplementation for diarrhea morbidity in infants of 6 to 11 months. Pediatrics. 2013;132(1):e46-52.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Aluisio AR, Maroof Z, Chandramohan D, et al. Vitamin D3 supplementation and childhood diarrhea: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2013;132(4):e832-e840.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D3

Epilepsy

Citation:
Cheuk DK, Wong V. Acupuncture for epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014; 5:CD005062.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Epilepsy

Citation:
Neal EG, Chaffe H, Schwartz RH, et al. The ketogenic diet for the treatment of childhood epilepsy: A randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2008;7(6):500-506.

Therapy:
ketogenic diet

Epilepsy

Citation:
Nizamuddin J, Turner Z, Rubenstein JE, Pyzik PL, Kossoff EH. Management and risk factors for dyslipidemia with the ketogenic diet. J Child Neurol. 2008;23(7):758-761.

Therapy:
ketogenic diet

Epilepsy

Citation:
Peng YS. Clinical study on treatment of infantile primary epilepsy with acupoint catgut- implantation therapy. World J Acup-Moxi: Shi Jie Zhen Jiu Za Zhi. 2003;13(1):38.

Therapy:
acupoint catgut- implantation therapy

Epilepsy

Citation:
Neal EG, Chaffe H, Schwartz RH, et al. A randomized trial of classical and medium-chain triglyceride ketogenic diets in the treatment of childhood epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2009;50(5):1109-1117.

Therapy:
ketogenic diet

Epilepsy

Citation:
Neal EG, Chaffe H, Edwards N, Lawson M, Schwartz R, and Cross JH. A randomised controlled trial of two ketogenic diets in the treatment of children with epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2007;48 Suppl 6:99.

Therapy:
ketogenic diets

Epilepsy

Citation:
Neal E, Chaffe H, Edwards N, Lawson M, Schwartz R, and Cross H. Randomised controlled trial of the ketogenic diet in the treatment of children with drug resistant epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2007;48 Suppl 7:84.

Therapy:
ketogenic diets

Epilepsy

Citation:
Asadi-Pooya AA, Ghetmiri E. Folic acid supplementation can prevent some blood cell abnormalities in children receiving carbamazepine. Epilepsia. 2005;46 Suppl 6:411.

Therapy:
NHP: folic acid

Epilepsy

Citation:
Asadi-Pooya AA, Ghetmiri E. Folic acid supplementation reduces the development of some blood cell abnormalities in children receiving carbamazepine. Epilepsy Behav. 2006;8(1):228-231.

Therapy:
NHP: folic acid

Epilepsy

Citation:
Bergqvist AG, Schall JI, Gallagher PR, Cnaan A, Stallings VA. Fasting versus gradual initiation of the ketogenic diet: A prospective, randomized clinical trial of efficacy. Epilepsia. 2005;46(11):1810-1819.

Therapy:
ketogenic diets

Epilepsy

Citation:
Huemer M, Ausserer B, Graninger G, et al. Hyperhomocysteinemia in children treated with antiepileptic drugs is normalized by folic acid supplementation. Epilepsia. 2005;46(10):1677-1683.

Therapy:
NHP: folic acid

Epilepsy

Citation:
Kim DW, Kang HC, Park JC, Kim HD. Benefits of the nonfasting ketogenic diet compared with the initial fasting ketogenic diet. Pediatrics. 2004;114(6):1627-1630.

Therapy:
Ketogenic diet

Epilepsy

Citation:
Akhondian J, Kianifar H, Raoofziaee M, Moayedpour A, Toosi MB, Khajedaluee M. The effect of thymoquinone on intractable pediatric seizures (pilot study). Epilepsy Res. 2011;93(1):39-43.

Therapy:
NHP: Nigella sativa, thymoquinone

Epilepsy

Citation:
de Kinderen RJ, Lambrechts DA, Postulart D, et al. Research into the (cost-) effectiveness of the ketogenic diet among children and adolescents with intractable epilepsy: Design of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Neurology. 2011;11:10.

Therapy:
ketogenic diet

Epilepsy

Citation:
Kang HC, Lee YJ, Lee JS, et al. Comparison of short- versus long-term ketogenic diet for intractable infantile spasms. Epilepsia. 2011;52(4):781-787.

Therapy:
ketogenic diet

Headache

Citation:
Oelkers Ax R, Leins A, Parzer P, et al. Butterbur root extract and music therapy in the prevention of childhood migraine: An explorative study. Eur J Pain. 2008;12(3):301-313.

Therapy:
NHP: Butterbur root extract and music therapy

Headache

Citation:
Gottschling S, Meyer S, Gribova I, et al. Laser acupuncture in children with headache: A double-blind, randomized, bicenter, placebo-controlled trial. Pain. 2008;137(2):405-412.

Therapy:
laser acupuncture

Headache

Citation:
Zotova I, Voskresenskaia ON, Bolotova V, Grigor'eva EA, Balatskaia MV. [Non-medication treatment of headache in children with obesity]. Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2007;107(6):31-35.

Therapy:
bitemporal transcranial magnetic therapy

Headache

Citation:
MacLennan SC, Wade FM, Forrest KM, Ratanayake PD, Fagan E, Antony J. High-dose riboflavin for migraine prophylaxis in children: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Child Neurol. 2008;23(11):1300-1304.

Therapy:
NHP: riboflavin

Headache

Citation:
Borusiak P, Biedermann H, Bosserhoff S, Opp J. Lack of efficacy of manual therapy in children and adolescents with suspected cervicogenic headache: Results of a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, and blinded trial. Headache. 2010;50(2):224-230.

Therapy:
chiropractic care

Headache

Citation:
Fichtel A, Larsson B. Relaxation treatment administered by school nurses to adolescents with recurrent headaches. Headache. 2004;44(6):545-554.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Headache

Citation:
Damen L, Bruijn J, Koes BW, Berger MY, Passchier J, Verhagen AP. Prophylactic treatment of migraine in children. Part 1. A systematic review of non-pharmacological trials. Cephalalgia. 2006,26 (4): 373

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Headache

Citation:
Harel Z, Gascon G, Riggs S, et al. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of recurrent migraines in adolescents [abtsract]? J Adolescent Health. 2006;31(2):154-161.

Therapy:
NHP: omega 3 fatty acids

Headache

Citation:
Larsson B, Carlsson J, Fichtel A, Melin L. Relaxation treatment of adolescent headache sufferers: Results from a school-based replication series. Headache. 2005;45(6):692-704.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Kuttner L, Chambers CT, Hardial J, Israel DM, Jacobson K, Evans K. A randomized trial of yoga for adolescents with irritable bowel syndrome. Pain Res Manag. 2006;11(4):217-223.

Therapy:
Yoga

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Gawronska A, Dziechciarz P, Horvath A, Szajewska H. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of lactobacillus GG for abdominal pain disorders in children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007;25(2):177-184.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics Lactobacillus GG

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Vlieger AM, MenkoFrankenhuis C, Wolfkamp SC, Tromp E, Benninga. Hypnotherapy for children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology. 2007;133(5):1430-1436.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Benchimol EI, Ward LM, Gallagher JC, et al. Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral density in children with inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007;45(5):538-545.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D and calcium

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Vlieger AM, van den Berg MM, MenkoFrankenhuis C, Bongers ME, Tromp E, Benninga. No change in rectal sensitivity after gut-directed hypnotherapy in children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010;105(1):213-218.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Bausserman M, Michail S. The use of lactobacillus GG in irritable bowel syndrome in children: A double-blind randomized control trial. J Pediatr. 2005;147(2):197-201

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Kline RM, Kline JJ, Di Palma J, Barbero GJ. Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children. J Pediatr. 2001;138(1):125-128.

Therapy:
NHP: peppermint oil capsules

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Evans S, Cousins L, Tsao JC, Sternlieb B, Zeltzer LK. Protocol for a randomized controlled study of iyengar yoga for youth with irritable bowel syndrome. Trials. 2011;12:15.

Therapy:
yoga

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Vlieger AM, Rutten JM, Govers AM, Frankenhuis C, Benninga MA. Long-term follow-up of gut-directed hypnotherapy vs. standard care in children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012;107(4):627-631.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben-Gal Y, et al. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication TRAUMEEL S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer. 2001;92(3):684-690.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Francavilla R, Miniello V, Magista AM, et al. A randomized controlled trial of lactobacillus GG in children with functional abdominal pain. Pediatrics. 2010;126(6):e1445-52

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Mental health

Citation:
Barnes VA, Bauza LB, Treiber FA. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2003;1:10.

Therapy:
Transcendental Meditation

Mental health

Citation:
Hendricks CB. A study of the use of music therapy techniques in a group for the treatment of adolescent depression. Dissertation Abstracts International. 2001;62(2-A):0472.

Therapy:
music therapy

Mental health

Citation:
Liehr P, Diaz N. A pilot study examining the effect of mindfulness on depression and anxiety for minority children. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2010;24(1):69-71.

Therapy:
mindfulness

Mental health

Citation:
Goldbeck L, Schmid K. Effectiveness of autogenic relaxation training on children and adolescents with behavioral and emotional problems. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003;42(9):1046-1054.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Mental health

Citation:
Jeong YJ, Hong SC, Lee Park MC, Kim YK, Suh CM. Dance movement therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. Int J Neurosci. 2005;115(12):1711-1720.

Therapy:
dance movement therapy

Mental health

Citation:
Khalsa SB, Hickey-Schultz L, Cohen D, Steiner N, Cope S. Evaluation of the mental health benefits of yoga in a secondary school: A preliminary randomized controlled trial. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2012;39(1):80-90.

Therapy:
yoga

Mental health

Citation:
Noggle JJ, Steiner NJ, Minami T, Khalsa SB. Benefits of yoga for psychosocial well-being in a US high school curriculum: A preliminary randomized controlled trial. J Dev Behav Pediatr.

Therapy:
yoga

Mental health

Citation:
DiGirolamo AM, RamirezZea M, Wang M, et al. Randomized trial of the effect of zinc supplementation on the mental health of school-age children in guatemala. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1241-1250.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Mental health

Citation:
Porter S, Holmes V, McLaughlin K, et al. Music in mind, a randomized controlled trial of music therapy for young people with behavioural and emotional problems: Study protocol. J Adv Nurs. 2012;68(10):2349-2358.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Mental health

Citation:
Amminger GP, Chanen AM, Ohmann S, et al. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in adolescents with borderline personality disorder and ultra-high risk criteria for psychosis: A post hoc subgroup analysis of a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Can J Psychiatry. 2013;58(7):402-408.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega-3 fatty acid

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Jones E, Isom S, Kemper KJ, McLean TW. Acupressure for chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting in children. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology. 2008;6(4):141-145.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Lee A, Fan TY. Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev. 2009;2:CD003281.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Pillai AK, Sharma KK, Gupta YK, Bakhshi S. Anti-emetic effect of ginger powder versus placebo as an add-on therapy in children and young adults receiving high emetogenic chemotherapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011;56(2):234-238.

Therapy:
NHP: ginger

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Butkovic D, Toljan S, Matolic M, Kralik S, Radesic L. Comparison of laser acupuncture and metoclopramide in PONV prevention in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2005;15(1):37-40.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Beate W, Christina S, Nils L, et al. A Randomised placebo-controlled pilot study of pericardium 6 acupressure and acupuncture as additive antiemitic therapy during chemotherapy in children and adolescents [abstract]. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008;50(5)(supplement):171.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Dune LS, Shiao SY. Metaanalysis of acustimulation effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting in children. Explore (NY).2006;2(4):314-320

Therapy:
Acupunture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Fortier Weinberg M, Vitulano LA, Chorney JM, Martin SR, Kain ZN. Effects of therapeutic suggestion in children undergoing general anesthesia: A randomized controlled trial. Paediatr Anaesth. 2010;20(1):90-99.

Therapy:
therapeutic suggestion

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Kabalak AA, Akcay M, Akcay F, Gogus N. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation versus ondansetron in the prevention of postoperative vomiting following pediatric tonsillectomy. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11(3):407-413.

Therapy:
Acupunture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Yeh CH, Chien LC, Chiang YC, Lin SW, Huang CK, Ren D. Reduction in nausea and vomiting in children undergoing cancer chemotherapy by either appropriate or sham auricular acupuncture points with standard care. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(4):334-340.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Nausea and vomiting

Citation:
Liodden I, Howley M, Grimsgaard AS, et al. Perioperative acupuncture and postoperative acupressure can prevent postoperative vomiting following paediatric tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Acupunct Med. 2011;29(1):9-15.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Obesity

Citation:
Summerbell CD, Waters E, Edmunds L, Kelly AM, Brown T, Campbell KJ. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009(1)

Therapy:
diet, physical activity and/or lifestyle and social support

Obesity

Citation:
Chen SL, Li LL, Li HL. [Effect of massage in traditional chinese medicine on short penis in male obese children]. Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation. 2006;10(47):168-169.

Therapy:
Massage

Obesity

Citation:
Le Q, Wang DX, Xia XH. [Clinical observation on effect of heze oral liquid in treating children simple obesity]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2002;22(5):384-385.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Obesity

Citation:
DeJongh ED, Binkley TL, Specker BL. Fat mass gain is lower in calcium-supplemented than in unsupplemented preschool children with low dietary calcium intakes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(5):1123-1127.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium

Obesity

Citation:
de Bock Md, Derraik JG, Brennan CM, et al. Psyllium supplementation in adolescents improves fat distribution & lipid profile: A randomized, participant-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(7):e41735.

Therapy:
NHP: psyllium

Obesity

Citation:
Dangardt F, Osika W, Chen Y, et al. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves vascular function and reduces inflammation in obese adolescents. Atherosclerosis. 2010;212(2):580-585.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega-3 fatty acid

Otitis media

Citation:
Fixsen A. Should homeopathy be considered as part of a treatment strategy for otitis media with effusion in children? Homeopathy. 2013;102(2):145-150.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Otitis media

Citation:
Levi JR, Brody RM, McKee-Cole K, Pribitkin E, O'Reilly R. Complementary and alternative medicine for pediatric otitis media.Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.2013;(6):926-31. - Systematic Review

Therapy:
CAM

Otitis media

Citation:
Gulani,Anjana; Sachdev,Harshpal S. Zinc supplements for preventing otitis media.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;4. - Systematic Review

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Otitis media

Citation:
Abba K, Gulani A, Sachdev HS. Zinc supplements for preventing otitis media. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2010;10.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Otitis media

Citation:
Aldous MB, Wahl R, Worden K, Grant KL. A randomized, controlled trial of cranial osteopathic manipulative treatment and echinacea in children with recurrent otitis media. Pediatr Res. 2003;53(4 (Pt 2) Suppl S):1062.

Therapy:
NHP: Echinacea purpurea and osteopathic manipulative

Otitis media

Citation:
Wahl RA, Aldous MB, Worden KA, Grant KL. Echinacea purpurea and osteopathic manipulative treatment in children with recurrent otitis media: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008;8:56.

Therapy:
NHP: Echinacea purpurea and osteopathic manipulative

Otitis media

Citation:
Frei H and Thurneysen A. Homeopathy in acute otitis media in children: Treatment effect or spontaneous resolution? Br Homeopathic J. 2001;90(4):180-182.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Otitis media

Citation:
Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D. Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: A preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001;20(2):177-183.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Otitis media

Citation:
Gotsadze K, Gogatishvili R. [Usage of medicines inducing secretolisys in treatment of acute otitis media in children]. Georgian Medical News. 2005(122):21-25.

Therapy:
NHP: medicines inducing secretolisys (Sinupret)

Otitis media

Citation:
Taylor JA, Jacobs J. Homeopathic ear drops as an adjunct to standard therapy in children with acute otitis media. Homeopathy. 2011;100(3):109-115.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Pain

Citation:
Accardi MC, Milling LS. The effectiveness of hypnosis for reducing procedure-related pain in children and adolescents: a comprehensive methodological review. J Behav Med. 2009 (32):328-339

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Adams D, Cheng F, Jou H, Aung S, Yasui Y, Vohra S. The safety of pediatric acupuncture: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2011;128(6): e1575.

Therapy:
accupuncture

Pain

Citation:
Lassetter JH. The effectiveness of complementary therapies on the pain experience of hospitalized children. J Holistic Nurs. 2006;24(3):196-208 - Systematic Review

Therapy:
CAM

Pain

Citation:
Pillai Riddell RR, Racine NM, Turcotte K, et al. Non-pharmacological management of infant and young child procedural pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2012;7(6):1905-2121.

Therapy:
CAM

Pain

Citation:
Wild,M.R.; Espie,C.A.The efficacy of hypnosis in the reduction of procedural pain and distress in pediatric oncology: a systematic review. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2004;25(3):207-213.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Pillai Riddell RR, Racine NM, Turcotte K, et al. Non-pharmacological management of infant and young child procedural pain.Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2011;10.

Therapy:
CAM

Pain

Citation:
Ahn AC, Schnyer R, Conboy L, Laufer MR, Wayne PM. Electrodermal measures of jing-well points and their clinical relevance in endometriosis-related chronic pelvic pain. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(12):1293-1305.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Pain

Citation:
Chambers CT, Taddio A, Uman LS, McMurtry CM, HELPinKIDS Team. Psychological interventions for reducing pain and distress during routine childhood immunizations: a systematic review. Clin Ther. 2009; 31( Suppl 2); S77-S103.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Pain

Citation:
Lin YC, Tassone RF, Jahng S, et al. Acupuncture management of pain and emergence agitation in children after bilateral myringotomy and tympanostomy tube insertion. Paediatr Anaesth. 2009;19(11):1096-1101.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Pain

Citation:
Uman LS, Chambers CT, McGrath PJ, Kisely S. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials examining psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents: an abbreviated Cochrane review. J Pediatr Psychol. 2008;33(8):842-854.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Pain

Citation:
Favara-Scacco C, Smirne G, Schiliro G, Di Cataldo A. Art therapy as support for children with leukemia during painful procedures. Med Pediatr Oncol. 2001;36(4):474-480.

Therapy:
art therapy

Pain

Citation:
Broome ME, Maikler V, Kelber S, Bailey P, Lea G. An intervention to increase coping and reduce health care utilization for school-age children and adolescents with sickle cell disease. J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 2001;12(2):6-14.

Therapy:
art therapy, relaxation therapy

Pain

Citation:
Liossi C, White P, Hatira P. A randomized clinical trial of a brief hypnosis intervention to control venepuncture-related pain of paediatric cancer patients. Pain. 2009;142(3):255-263.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Kim KS, Kim DW, Yu YK. The effect of capsicum plaster in pain after inguinal hernia repair in children. Paediatr Anaesth. 2006;16(10):1036-1041.

Therapy:
NHP: capsicum

Pain

Citation:
Jeffs DA. A pilot study of distraction for adolescents during allergy testing. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2007;12(3):170-185.

Therapy:
distraction

Pain

Citation:
Tufekci FG, Celebioglu A, Kucukoglu S. Turkish children loved distraction: Using kaleidoscope to reduce perceived pain during venipuncture. J Clin Nurs. 2009;18(15):2180-2186.

Therapy:
distraction

Pain

Citation:
Aminabadi NA, Farahani RM, Balayi Gajan E. The efficacy of distraction and counterstimulation in the reduction of pain reaction to intraoral injection by pediatric patients. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2008;9(6):33-40.

Therapy:
distraction

Pain

Citation:
Weydert JA, Shapiro DE, Acra SA, Monheim CJ, Chambers AS, Ball TM. Evaluation of guided imagery as treatment for recurrent abdominal pain in children: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Pediatr. 2006;6:29.

Therapy:
Guided imagery

Pain

Citation:
van Tilburg Chitkara DK, Palsson OS, Turner M, BloisMartin N, Ulshen M, Whitehead WE. Audio-recorded guided imagery treatment reduces functional abdominal pain in children: A pilot study. Pediatrics. 2009;124(5):e890-7.

Therapy:
guided imagery

Pain

Citation:
Ball TM, Shapiro DE, Monheim CJ, Weydert JA. A pilot study of the use of guided imagery for the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain in children. Clin Pediatr. 2003;42(6):527-532.

Therapy:
guided imagery

Pain

Citation:
Vlieger AM, van den Berg MM, MenkoFrankenhuis C, Bongers ME, Tromp E, Benninga. No change in rectal sensitivity after gut-directed hypnotherapy in children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010;105(1):213-218.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Hong YR. [The effects of hand-acupuncture therapy on intermittent abdominal pain in children]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi. 2005;35(3):487-493.

Therapy:
hand-acupuncture therapy

Pain

Citation:
Vlieger AM, MenkoFrankenhuis C, Wolfkamp SC, Tromp E, Benninga. Hypnotherapy for children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. Gastroenterology. 2007;133(5):1430-1436.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Huth MM, Broome ME, Good M. Imagery reduces children's post-operative pain. Pain. 2004;110(1-2):439-448.

Therapy:
imagery

Pain

Citation:
Polkki T, Pietila AM, VehvilainenJulkunen K, Laukkala H, Kiviluoma K. Imagery-induced relaxation in children's postoperative pain relief: A randomized pilot study. J Pediatr Nurs. 2008;23(3):217-224.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Pain

Citation:
Balan R, Bavdekar SB, Jadhav S. Can Indian classical instrumental music reduce pain felt during venepuncture? Indian J Pediatr. 2009;76(5):469-473.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Pain

Citation:
Conboy L, Quilty MT, Kerr C, Shaw J, Wayne P. A qualitative analysis of adolescents' experiences of active and sham Japanese-style acupuncture protocols administered in a clinical trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2008;14(6):699-705.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Pain

Citation:
Wayne PM, Kerr CE, Schnyer Legedza AT, et al. Japanese-style acupuncture for endometriosis-related pelvic pain in adolescents and young women: Results of a randomized sham-controlled trial. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2008;21(5):247-257.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Pain

Citation:
Jain S, Kumar P, McMillan DD. Prior leg massage decreases pain responses to heel stick in preterm babies. J Paediatr Child Health. 2006;42(9):505-508.

Therapy:
Massage

Pain

Citation:
Mathai S, Natrajan N, Rajalakshmi NR. A comparative study of nonpharmacological methods to reduce pain in neonates. Indian Pediatr. 2006;43(12):1070-1075.

Therapy:
method comparison- NNS, rocking, sucrose, massage, water, breast milk

Pain

Citation:
Bufalini A. [Role of interactive music in oncological pediatric patients undergoing painful procedures]. Minerva Pediatr. 2009;61(4):379-389.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Pain

Citation:
WhiteheadPleaux AM, Baryza MJ, Sheridan RL. The effects of music therapy on pediatric patients' pain and anxiety during donor site dressing change. J Music Ther. 2006;43(2):136-153.

Therapy:
music therapy

Pain

Citation:
WhiteheadPleaux AM, Zebrowski N, Baryza MJ, Sheridan RL. Exploring the effects of music therapy on pediatric pain: Phase 1. J Music Ther. 2007;44(3):217-241.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Pain

Citation:
Modaress Nejad V, Asadipour M. Comparison of the effectiveness of fennel and mefenamic acid on pain intensity in dysmenorrhoea. East Mediterr Health J.2006;12(3-4):423-427.

Therapy:
NHP: fennel and mefenamic acid

Pain

Citation:
Gawronska A, Dziechciarz P, Horvath A, Szajewska H. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of lactobacillus GG for abdominal pain disorders in children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007;25(2):177-184.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics Lactobacillus GG

Pain

Citation:
Liossi C, White P, Hatira P. Randomized clinical trial of local anesthetic versus a combination of local anesthetic with self-hypnosis in the management of pediatric procedure-related pain. Health Psychol. 2006;25(3):307-315.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Bellieni CV, Cordelli DM, Marchi S, et al. Sensorial saturation for neonatal analgesia. Clin J Pain. 2007;23(3):219-221.

Therapy:
Sensorial saturation (SS)

Pain

Citation:
Im H, Kim E, Park E, Sung K, Oh W. Pain reduction of heel stick in neonates: Yakson compared to non-nutritive sucking. J Trop Pediatr. 2008;54(1):31-35.

Therapy:
Massage

Pain

Citation:
Park ES, Sung KS, Oh WO, et al. [Pain relieving effect of yakson therapy for infants]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi. 2006;36(6):897-904.

Therapy:
Massage

Pain

Citation:
Kristjansdottir O, Kristjansdottir G. Randomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents' immunization pain. Scand J Caring Sci. 2011;25(1):19-26.

Therapy:
musical distraction

Pain

Citation:
Wong J, Ghiasuddin A, Kimata C, Patelesio B, Siu A. The impact of healing touch on pediatric oncology patients. Integr Cancer Ther. 2013;12(1):25-30.

Therapy:
healing touch

Pain

Citation:
de Jong M, Lucas C, Bredero H, van Adrichem L, Tibboel D, van Dijk M. Does postoperative 'M' technique massage with or without mandarin oil reduce infants' distress after major craniofacial surgery? J Adv Nurs. 2012;68(8):1748-1757.

Therapy:
Massage

Pain

Citation:
Petter M, Chambers CT, MacLaren Chorney J. The effects of mindfulness-based attention on cold pressor pain in children. Pain Res Manag. 2013;18(1):39-45.

Therapy:
mindfulness-based attention

Pain

Citation:
Soltani R, Soheilipour S, Hajhashemi V, Asghari G, Bagheri M, Molavi M. Evaluation of the effect of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on post-tonsillectomy pain in pediatric patients: A randomized controlled trial. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;77(9):1579-1581.

Therapy:
aromatherapy

Pain

Citation:
Accardi MC, Milling LS. The effectiveness of hypnosis for reducing procedure-related pain in children and adolescents: a comprehensive methodological review. J.Behav.Med. 2009 (32):328-339. - Systematic Review

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Johnston C, Campbell-Yeo M, Rich B, et al. Therapeutic touch is not therapeutic for procedural pain in very preterm neonates: A randomized trial. Clin J Pain. 2013;29(9):824-829.

Therapy:
Therapeutic touch

Pain

Citation:
Hartling L, Newton AS, Liang Y, et al. Music to reduce pain and distress in the pediatric emergency department: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2013;167(9):826-835.

Therapy:
music therapy

Pain

Citation:
Horvath A, Dziechciarz P, Szajewska H. Systematic review of randomized controlled trials: fiber supplements for abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders in childhood. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012;61(2):95-101.

Therapy:
NHP: fiber

Pain

Citation:
Weydert A, Ball TM, Davis MF. Systematic review of treatments for recurrent abdominal pain. Pediatrics.2003;111(1):e1-11.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Pain

Citation:
Park ES, Sung KS, Oh WO, et al. [Pain relieving effect of yakson therapy for infants]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi. 2006;36(6):897-904.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Vlieger AM, van den Berg MM, MenkoFrankenhuis C, Bongers ME, Tromp E, Benninga. No change in rectal sensitivity after gut-directed hypnotherapy in children with functional abdominal pain or irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010;105(1):213-218.

Therapy:
hypnotherapy

Pain

Citation:
Gawronska A, Dziechciarz P, Horvath A, Szajewska H. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of lactobacillus GG for abdominal pain disorders in children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007;25(2):177-184.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Pain

Citation:
Noguchi LK. The effect of music versus nonmusic on behavioral signs of distress and self-report of pain in pediatric injection patients. J Music Ther. 2006;43(1):16-38.

Therapy:
music therapy

Pain

Citation:
Liossi C, White P, Hatira P. Randomized clinical trial of local anesthetic versus a combination of local anesthetic with self-hypnosis in the management of pediatric procedure-related pain. Health Psychology. 2006;25(3):307-315.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Chen LL, Su YC, Su CH, Lin HC, Kuo HW. Acupressure and meridian massage: Combined effects on increasing body weight in premature infants. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17(9):1174-1181.

Therapy:
Acupuncture and massage

Preterm infants

Citation:
Mihatsch WA, Braegger CP, Decsi,T, et al. Critical systematic review of the level of evidence for routine use of probiotics for reduction of mortality and prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis in preterm infants. Clin Nutr. 2012;31(1):6-15.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Preterm infants

Citation:
Szajewska H, Guandalini S, Morelli L, GoudoeverJB Van, Walker A. Effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis supplementation in preterm infants: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51(2):203-209.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Preterm infants

Citation:
Smithers LG, Gibson RA, McPhee A, Makrides M. Effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation of preterm infants on disease risk and neurodevelopment: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr.2008;87(4):912-920.

Therapy:
NHP: longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid

Preterm infants

Citation:
Schulzke SM, Patole SK, Simmer K. Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2011;2.

Therapy:
NHP: longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid

Preterm infants

Citation:
Raith W, Urlesberger B, Schmölzer GM. Efficacy and safety of acupuncture in preterm and term infants. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.2013:739414.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Citation:


Therapy:


Preterm infants

Citation:
Moe-Byrne T, Wagner JV, McGuire W. Glutamine supplementation to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; 3: CD001457.

Therapy:
NHP: glutamine

Preterm infants

Citation:
Kuschel CA, Harding JE, Kumaran VS. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2009;1.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium and phosphorus

Preterm infants

Citation:
Ibrahim M, Sinn J, McGuire W.Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.Cochrane Database Syst.Rev.2006;2:005253

Therapy:
NHP: iodine

Preterm infants

Citation:
Darlow BA, Austin N. Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonates. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; 2

Therapy:
NHP: Selenium

Preterm infants

Citation:
AlFaleh K, Anabrees J, Bassler D, AlKharfi T. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2011; 5.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Preterm infants

Citation:
Field T, Diego HernandezReif M, Deeds O, Figuereido B. Moderate versus light pressure massage therapy leads to greater weight gain in preterm infants. Infant Behav Dev. 2006;29(4):574-578.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Diego Field T, HernandezReif M, Deeds O, Ascencio A, Begert G. Preterm infant massage elicits consistent increases in vagal activity and gastric motility that are associated with greater weight gain. Acta Paediatr. 2007;96(11):1588-91.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Lahat S, Mimouni FB, Ashbel G, Dollberg S. Energy expenditure in growing preterm infants receiving massage therapy. J Am Coll Nutr. 2007;26(4):356-359.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Diego Field T, HernandezReif M. Vagal activity, gastric motility, and weight gain in massaged preterm neonates. J Pediatr. 2005;147(1):50-55.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Lee HK. The effect of infant massage on weight gain, physiological and behavioral responses in premature infants. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe chi. 2005;35(8):1451-1460.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Aly H, Moustafa MF, Hassanein SM, Massaro AN, Amer HA, Patel K. Physical activity combined with massage improves bone mineralization in premature infants: A randomized trial. J Perinatol. 2004;24(5):305-309.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Field T, Diego M, HernandezReif M, et al. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 increased in preterm neonates following massage therapy. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2008;29(6):463-466.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Mendes EW, Procianoy RS. Massage therapy reduces hospital stay and occurrence of late-onset sepsis in very preterm neonates. J Perinatol. 2008;28(12):815-820.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Diego MA, Field T, Hernandez-Reif M. Temperature increases in preterm infants during massage therapy. Infant Behav Dev. 2008;31(1):149-152.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Hernandez-Reif M, Diego M, Field T. Preterm infants show reduced stress behaviors and activity after 5 days of massage therapy. Infant Behav Dev. 2007;30(4):557-561.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Ferber SG, Kuint J, Weller A, et al. Massage therapy by mothers and trained professionals enhances weight gain in preterm infants. Early Hum Dev. 2002;67(1-2):37-45.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Massaro AN, Hammad TA, Jazzo B, Aly H. Massage with kinesthetic stimulation improves weight gain in preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2009;29(5):352-357.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Arnon S, Shapsa A, Forman L, et al. Live music is beneficial to preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit environment. Birth. 2006;33(2):131-136.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Cevasco AM. The effects of mothers' singing on full-term and preterm infants and maternal emotional responses. J Music Ther. 2008;45(3):273-306.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Keith DR, Russell K, Weaver. The effects of music listening on inconsolable crying in premature infants. J Music Ther. 2009;46(3):191-203.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Lubetzky R, Mimouni FB, Dollberg S, Reifen R, Ashbel G, Mandel D. Effect of music by mozart on energy expenditure in growing preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2010;125(1):e24-8.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Whipple J. The effect of music-reinforced nonnutritive sucking on state of preterm, low birthweight infants experiencing heelstick. J Music Ther. 2008;45(3):227-272.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Makrides M, Gibson RA, McPhee AJ, et al. Neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants fed high-dose docosahexaenoic acid: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2009;301(2):175-182.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid

Preterm infants

Citation:
Underwood Salzman NH, Bennett SH, Barman M, et al. A randomized placebo-controlled comparison of 2 prebiotic/probiotic combinations in preterm infants: Impact on weight gain, intestinal microbiota, and fecal short-chain fatty acids. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009;48(2):216-225.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotic

Preterm infants

Citation:
Clark RH, Chace DH, Spitzer AR, Pediatrix Amino Acid Study G. Effects of two different doses of amino acid supplementation on growth and blood amino acid levels in premature neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2007;120(6):1286-1296.

Therapy:
NHP: amino acids

Preterm infants

Citation:
Minoli I, Raiha NC. Effects of two different doses of amino acid supplementation on growth and blood amino acid levels in premature neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2008;121(3):655-656.

Therapy:
NHP: amino acids

Preterm infants

Citation:
Innis SM, Adamkin DH, Hall RT, et al. Docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid enhance growth with no adverse effects in preterm infants fed formula. J Pediatr. 2002;140(5):547-554.

Therapy:
NHP: ARA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Mohan R, Koebnick C, Schildt J, et al. Effects of bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 supplementation on intestinal microbiota of preterm infants: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44(11):4025-4031.

Therapy:
NHP: Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12

Preterm infants

Citation:
Dewey KG, Cohen RJ, Brown KH. Exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months, with iron supplementation, maintains adequate micronutrient status among term, low-birthweight, breast-fed infants in honduras. J Nutr. 2004;134(5):1091-1098.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Preterm infants

Citation:
Crill CM, Storm MC, Christensen ML, Hankins CT, Bruce Jenkins M, Helms RA. Carnitine supplementation in premature neonates: Effect on plasma and red blood cell total carnitine concentrations, nutrition parameters and morbidity. Clin Nutr. 2006;25(6):886-896.

Therapy:
NHP: carnitine

Preterm infants

Citation:
GrohWargo S, Moore JJ, Catalano P, Thomas A, O'Connor DL, Lerner E. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) supplementation does not change body composition in preterm (PT) infants. Pediatr Res. 2002;51(4):380A.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and AA

Preterm infants

Citation:
Smithers LG, Collins CT, Simmonds LA, Gibson RA, McPhee A, Makrides M. Feeding preterm infants milk with a higher dose of docosahexaenoic acid than that used in current practice does not influence language or behavior in early childhood: A follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(3):628-634.

Therapy:
NHP: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Westerbeek EA, van den Berg JP, Lafeber HN, et al. Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides in preterm infants: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(3):679-686.

Therapy:
NHP: enteral supplementation of prebiotic mixture of neutral oligosaccharides ((SC)GOS/(LC)FOS) and acidic oligosaccharides (AOS)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Fewtrell Abbott RA, Kennedy K, Singhal A, et al. Randomized, double-blind trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation with fish oil and borage oil in preterm infants. J Pediatr. 2004;144(4):471-479.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids - fish oil and borage oil

Preterm infants

Citation:
Fang PC, Kuo HK, Huang CB, Ko TY, Chen CC, Chung MY. The effect of supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid on visual acuity and neurodevelopment in larger preterm infants. Chang Gung Med J. 2005;28(10):708-715.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Preterm infants

Citation:
Smithers LG, Gibson RA, McPhee A, Makrides M. Higher dose of docosahexaenoic acid in the neonatal period improves visual acuity of preterm infants: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;88(4):1049-1056.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Demmelmair H, Feldl F, Horvath I, et al. Influence of formulas with borage oil or borage oil plus fish oil on the arachidonic acid status in premature infants. Lipids. 2001;36(6):555-566.

Therapy:
NHP: borage oil or fish oil

Preterm infants

Citation:
Clandinin MT, Van Aerde JE, Merkel KL, Harris CL, Springer Hansen JW, DiersenSchade DA. Growth and development of preterm infants fed infant formulas containing docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid. J Pediatr. 2005;146(4):461-468.

Therapy:
NHP: ARA and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Fewtrell Morley R, Abbott RA, Singhal A, et al. Double-blind, randomized trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in formula fed to preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2002;110(1 Pt 1):73-82.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Preterm infants

Citation:
Carnielli VP, Simonato M, Verlato G, et al. Synthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in preterm newborns fed formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;86(5):1323-1330.

Therapy:
NHP: long chain fatty acids

Preterm infants

Citation:
Harrison A, Truscott J, Holland P. Randomised controlled trial of individualised mineral supplementation in preterm infants. J Perinatology. 2001;21:314.

Therapy:
NHP: minerals

Preterm infants

Citation:
Harrison A, Truscott J, Holland P. Randomised controlled trial of the effect of individualised phosphorus and calcium supplementation on bone mineralisation in preterm infants. Pediatr Res. 2001;49(4):294A.

Therapy:
NHP: phosphorus & calcium

Preterm infants

Citation:
Fujiu T, Maruyama K, Koizumi T. Oral iron supplementation in preterm infants treated with erythropoietin.Pediatr Int. 2004;46(6):635-639.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Preterm infants

Citation:
Arnon S, Shiff Y, Litmanovitz I, et al. The efficacy and safety of early supplementation of iron polymaltose complex in preterm infants. Am J Perinatol. 2007;24(2):95-100.

Therapy:
NHP: iron polymaltose complex

Preterm infants

Citation:
Manzoni P, Mostert M, Leonessa ML, et al. Oral supplementation with lactobacillus casei subspecies rhamnosus prevents enteric colonization by candida species in preterm neonates: A randomized study. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;42(12):1735-1742.

Therapy:
NHP: lactobacillus

Preterm infants

Citation:
Riskin A, Hochwald O, Bader D, et al. The effects of lactulose supplementation to enteral feedings in premature infants: A pilot study. J Pediatr. 2010;156(2):209-214.

Therapy:
NHP: lactulose

Preterm infants

Citation:
Koletzko B, Sauerwald U, Keicher U, et al. Fatty acid profiles, antioxidant status, and growth of preterm infants fed diets without or with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. A randomized clinical trial. Eur J Nutr. 2003;42(5):243-253.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Henriksen C, Haugholt K, Lindgren M, et al. Improved cognitive development among preterm infants attributable to early supplementation of human milk with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid. Pediatrics. 2008;121(6):1137-1145.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Preterm infants

Citation:
Doege C, Bauer J. Effect of high volume intake of mother's milk with an individualized supplementation of minerals and protein on early growth of preterm infants <28 weeks of gestation. Clin Nutr. 2007;26(5):581-588.

Therapy:
NHP: minerals

Preterm infants

Citation:
Deshpande GC, Simmer K, Mori T, Croft K. Parenteral lipid emulsions based on olive oil compared with soybean oil in preterm (<28 weeks' gestation) neonates: A randomised controlled trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009;49(5):619-625.

Therapy:
NHP: oil based lipid emulsions

Preterm infants

Citation:
Lin HC, Hsu CH, Chen HL, et al. Oral probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight preterm infants: A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2008;122(4):693-700.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Preterm infants

Citation:
Gobel Y, Koletzko B, Bohles HJ, et al. Parenteral fat emulsions based on olive and soybean oils: A randomized clinical trial in preterm infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2003;37(2):161-167.

Therapy:
NHP: oil based lipid emulsions

Preterm infants

Citation:
Costalos C, Skouteri V, Gounaris A, et al. Enteral feeding of premature infants with saccharomyces boulardii. Early Hum Dev. 2003;74(2):89-96.

Therapy:
NHP: saccharomyces

Preterm infants

Citation:
Darmstadt GL, Saha SK, Ahmed AS, et al. Effect of topical treatment with skin barrier-enhancing emollients on nosocomial infections in preterm infants in Bangladesh: A randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005;365(9464):1039-1045.

Therapy:
NHP: topical treatment (various skin emolliants)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Darlow BA, Buss H, McGill F, Fletcher L, Graham P, Winterbourn CC. Vitamin C supplementation in very preterm infants: A randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005;90(2):F117-22.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin C

Preterm infants

Citation:
DiazGomez NM, Domenech E, Barroso F, Castells S, Cortabarria C, Jimenez A. The effect of zinc supplementation on linear growth, body composition, and growth factors in preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2003;111(5 Pt 1):1002-1009.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Preterm infants

Citation:
Arora J, Kumar A, Ramji S. Effect of oil massage on growth and neurobehavior in very low birth weight preterm neonates. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42(11):1092-1100.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Siahanidou T, Lazaropoulou C, Michalakakou K, Papassotiriou I, Bacoula C, Mandyla H. Oxidative stress in preterm infants fed a formula containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA). Am J Perinatol. 2007;24(8):475-479.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)

Preterm infants

Citation:
Gonzalez AP, VasquezMendoza G, GarciaVela A, GuzmanRamirez A, SalazarTorres M, RomeroGutierrez G. Weight gain in preterm infants following parent-administered vimala massage: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Perinatol. 2009;26(4):247-252.

Therapy:
Massage Therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Vaivre-Douret L, Oriot D, Blossier P, Py A, KasolterPere M, Zwang J. The effect of multimodal stimulation and cutaneous application of vegetable oils on neonatal development in preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial. Child Care Health Dev. 2009;35(1):96-105.

Therapy:
NHP: plant oils

Preterm infants

Citation:
Dominguez Rosales R, Albar Marin MJ, Tena Garcia B, et al. [Effectiveness of the application of therapeutic touch on weight, complications, and length of hospital stay in preterm newborns attended in a neonatal unit]. Enfermeria Clinica. 2009;19(1):11-15.

Therapy:
Therapeutic touch

Preterm infants

Citation:
Im H, Kim E, Cain KC. Acute effects of yakson and gentle human touch on the behavioral state of preterm infants. J Child Health Care. 2009;13(3):212-226.

Therapy:
touch interventions

Preterm infants

Citation:
Ang JY, Lua JL, Mathur A, et al. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of massage therapy on the immune system of preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2012;130(6):e1549-e1558.

Therapy:
massage therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Ecevit A, Ince DA, Tarcan A, Cabioglu MT, Kurt A. Acupuncture in preterm babies during minor painful procedures. J Tradit Chin Med. 2011;31(4):308-310.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Preterm infants

Citation:
Moyer-Mileur LJ, Haley S, Slater H, Beachy J, Smith SL. Massage improves growth quality by decreasing body fat deposition in male preterm infants. J Pediatr. 2013;162(3):490-495.

Therapy:
Massage Therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Loewy J, Stewart K, Dassler AM, Telsey A, Homel P. The effects of music therapy on vital signs, feeding, and sleep in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2013;131(5):902-918.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Loewy J, Stewart K, Dassler AM, Telsey A, Homel P. The effects of music therapy on vital signs, feeding, and sleep in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2013;131(5):902-918.

Therapy:
music therapy

Preterm infants

Citation:
Bernardo WM, Aires FT, Carneiro RM, Sa FP, Rullo VE, Burns DA. Effectiveness of probiotics in the prophylaxis of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2013;89(1):18-24.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Feng X, An X. Treatment of infantile bronchiotis with jie jin ding chuan zhi xiao tang - A report of 45 cases. J Traditional Chin Med. 2006;26(4):266-268.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Haider BA, Lassi ZS, Ahmed A, Bhutta ZA. Zinc supplementation as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in children 2 to 59 months of age. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2011;10:CD007368

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Mathew JL. Vitamin A Supplementation for Prophylaxis or Therapy in Childhood Pneumonia: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Indian Pediatr. 2010;47(3):255

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Li L, Lu FG, He QH. [Efficacy of Maxing Shigan Decoction combined with Western medicine for pneumonia in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis].Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao.2009;7(9):809

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Wu T, Ni J, Wei J.V itamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;11

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin A

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Timmer A, Günther J, Motschall E, Rücker G, Antes G, Kern WV. Pelargonium sidoides extract for acute respiratory tract infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;10:CD006323.

Therapy:
NHP: pelargonium sidoides

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Roth DE, Richard SA, Black RE. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of acute lower respiratory infection in children in developing countries: meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized trials. Int J Epidemiol .2010;3983:795.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Pepino VC, Ribeiro JD, Ribeiro MA, et al. Manual therapy for childhood respiratory disease: A systematic review. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.2013;36(1):57-65.

Therapy:
manual therapy

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Romm A. Efficacy and safety of echinacea in treating upper respiratory tract infections (URI) in children: A continuing source of controversy. J Am Herbalists Guild. 2004;5(1):43-46.

Therapy:
NHP: echinacea

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Barrett B. Efficacy and safety of echinacea in treating upper respiratory tract infections in children: A randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr. 2004;145(1):135-136.

Therapy:
NHP: echinacea

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Weber W, Taylor JA, Stoep AV, Weiss NS, Standish LJ,Calabrese C. Echinacea purpurea for prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children. J Altern Complement Med. 2005;11(6):1021-1026.

Therapy:
NHP: Echinacea Purpurea

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Kamin W, Maydannik V, Malek FA, Kieser M. Efficacy and tolerability of EPs 7630 in children and adolescents with acute bronchitis - a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter trial with a herbal drug preparation from pelargonium sidoides roots. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2010;48(3):184-191.

Therapy:
NHP: Pelargonium sidoides

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Vohra S, Johnston BC, Laycock KL, et al. Safety and tolerability of North American ginseng extract in the treatment of pediatric upper respiratory tract infection: A phase II randomized, controlled trial of 2 dosing schedules. Pediatrics. 2008;122(2):e402-10.

Therapy:
NHP: ginseng

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Linday LA. Nutritional supplements and pediatric upper respiratory tract illnesses. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(4):953-954.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamins, Cod Liver Oil

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Chang AB, Torzillo PJ, Boyce NC, et al. Zinc and vitamin A supplementation in indigenous australian children hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infection: A randomised controlled trial. Med J Aust. 2006;184(3):107-112.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc and vitamin A

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Abdulhamid I, Beck FW, Millard S, Chen X, Prasad A. Effect of zinc supplementation on respiratory tract infections in children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008;43(3):281-287.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Yang Y, Wang SC, Bai WJ, Li RL, Ai J. Evaluation by survival analysis on effect of traditional Chinese medicine in treating children with respiratory syncytial viral pneumonia of phlegm-heat blocking fei syndrome. Chin J Integr Med. 2009;15(2):95-100.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Birch EE, Khoury JC, Berseth CL, et al. The impact of early nutrition on incidence of allergic manifestations and common respiratory illnesses in children. J Pediatr. 2010;156(6):902; Jun-906.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)- and arachidonic acid (ARA)

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Andrianova IV, Sobenin IA, Sereda EV, Borodina LI, Studenikin MI. [Effect of long-acting garlic tablets "allicor" on the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections in children]. Ter Arkh. 2003;75(3):53-56.

Therapy:
NHP: garlic

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Chen J, Zhu YQ, Dong Q. [Clinical observation on auxiliary effect of xiaochuan paste in preventing repeated respiratory infection in child]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2002;22(8):620-621.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Cherian T, Ranjini EK, Balasubramaniam KA, Raghupati P. Vitamin A supplementation in children with recurrent respiratory infections. Indian Pediatr. 2001;38(7):771-775.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin A supplementation

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Cohen HA, Varsano I, Kahan E, Sarrell EM, Uziel Y. Effectiveness of an herbal preparation containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C in preventing respiratory tract infections in children: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158(3):217-221.

Therapy:
NHP: echinacea, propolis, and vitamin

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Bansal A, Parmar VR, Basu S, et al. Zinc supplementation in severe acute lower respiratory tract infection in children: A triple-blind randomized placebo controlled trial. Indian J Pediatr. 2011;78(1):33-37.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Valavi E, Hakimzadeh M, Shamsizadeh A, Aminzadeh M, Alghasi A. The efficacy of zinc supplementation on outcome of children with severe pneumonia. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Indian J Pediatr. 2011;78(9):1079-1084.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc supplementation

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Steinsbekk A, Lewith G, Fonnebo V, Bentzen N. An exploratory study of the contextual effect of homeopathic care. A randomised controlled trial of homeopathic care vs. self-prescribed homeopathic medicine in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children. Prev Med. 2007;45(4):274-279.

Therapy:
NHP: homeopathy

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Srinivasan M, G., Ndeezi G, Mboijana C, K., et al. Zinc adjunct therapy reduces case fatality in severe childhood pneumonia: A randomized double blind placebo-controlled trial. BMC Med. 2012;10(14).

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Basnet S, Shrestha PS, Sharma A, et al. A randomized controlled trial of zinc as adjuvant therapy for severe pneumonia in young children. Pediatrics. 2012;129(4):701-708.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Manaseki-Holland S, Maroof Z, Bruce J, et al. Effect on the incidence of pneumonia of vitamin D supplementation by quarterly bolus dose to infants in kabul: A randomised controlled superiority trial. The Lancet. 2012;379(9824):1419-1427

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Song L, Li Z,Kong F. Observation for effective of external therapy by chinese herb in the treatment of children with upper respiratory tract infection with fever. Zhong Yi Wai Zhi Za Zhi [Journal of External Therapy of Traditional Chinese Medicine]. 2004;13(6):22-23.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Chen Q, Gan C, Xiong C, Xiang X,Wang M. Evaluation for effects of ge gen cen lian wei wan in the treatment of children with upper respiratory tract infection with wind-heat syndrome. Zhong Guo Yi Yuan Yao Xue Za Zhi [Chinese hospital Pharmacy Journal]. 2004;24(12):768-770.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
ValentinerBranth P, Shrestha PS, Chandyo RK, et al. A randomized controlled trial of the effect of zinc as adjuvant therapy in children 2-35 mo of age with severe or nonsevere pneumonia in bhaktapur, nepal. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(6):1667-1674.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Bhandari N, Bahl R, Taneja S, et al. Effect of routine zinc supplementation on pneumonia in children aged 6 months to 3 years: Randomised controlled trial in an urban slum. BMJ. 2002;324(7350):1358.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Camargo CA, Ganmaa D, Frazier AL, et al. Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation and risk of acute respiratory infection in mongolia. Pediatrics. 2012;130(3):e561-e567.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Kartasurya MI, Ahmed F, Subagio HW, Rahfiludin MZ, Marks GC. Zinc combined with vitamin A reduces upper respiratory tract infection morbidity in a randomised trial in preschool children in indonesia. Br J Nutr. 2012;108(12):2251-2260.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc, vitamin A

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Choudhary N, Gupta P. Vitamin D supplementation for severe pneumonia--a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatr. 2012;49(6):449-454.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Wadhwa N, Chandran A, Aneja S, et al. Efficacy of zinc given as an adjunct in the treatment of severe and very severe pneumonia in hospitalized children 2-24 mo of age: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;97(6):1387-1394.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Respiratory tract infection

Citation:
Shah UH, Abu-Shaheen AK, Malik MA, Alam S, Riaz M, Al-Tannir MA. The efficacy of zinc supplementation in young children with acute lower respiratory infections: A randomized double-blind controlled trial. Clin Nutr. 2013;32(2):193-199.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Rhinitis

Citation:
Giovannini M, Agostoni C, Riva E, et al. A randomized prospective double blind controlled trial on effects of long-term consumption of fermented milk containing lactobacillus casei in pre-school children with allergic asthma and/or rhinitis. Pediatr Res. 2007;62(2):215-220.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Rhinitis

Citation:
Ciprandi G, Vizzaccaro A, Cirillo I, Tosca. Bacillus clausii effects in children with allergic rhinitis. Allergy. 2005;60(5):702-703.

Therapy:
NHP: bacillus clausii

Rhinitis

Citation:
Agostinis F, Foglia C, Bruno ME, Falagiani P. Efficacy, safety and tolerability of sublingual monomeric allergoid in tablets given without up-dosing to pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma due to grass pollen. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009;41(6):177-180.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Rhinitis

Citation:
Ng DK, Chow P, Ming S, et al. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of acupuncture for the treatment of childhood persistent allergic rhinitis. Pediatrics. 2004;114(5):1242-1247.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Rhinitis

Citation:
Lue KH, Sun HL, Lu KH, et al. A trial of adding lactobacillus johnsonii EM1 to levocetirizine for treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis in children aged 7-12 years. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;76(7):994-1001.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Stress

Citation:
Seo JY. [The effects of aromatherapy on stress and stress responses in adolescents]. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009;39(3):357-365.

Therapy:
aromatherapy

Stress

Citation:
LyshakStelzer F, Singer P, StJohn P, Chemtob CM. Art therapy for adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: A pilot study. Art Therapy. 2007;24(4):163-169.

Therapy:
art therapy

Stress

Citation:
Catani C, Kohiladevy M, Ruf M, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F. Treating children traumatized by war and tsunami: A comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in north-east Sri Lanka. BMC Psychiatry. 2009;9:22.

Therapy:
meditation, relaxation therapy

Stress

Citation:
Butler LD, Symons BK, Henderson SL, Shortliffe LD, Spiegel D. Hypnosis reduces distress and duration of an invasive medical procedure for children. Pediatrics. 2005;115(1):e77-85.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Stress

Citation:
Hernandez-Reif M, Diego M, Field T. Preterm infants show reduced stress behaviors and activity after 5 days of massage therapy. Infant Behav Dev. 2007;30(4):557-561.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Stress

Citation:
Zhang HY, Lu SF, Xiao N, Effect of warming moxibustionon Shenque acupoint for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children with infantile cerebral palsy. Chin J Int Med. 2009;15(6)454-457.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Stress

Citation:
Nekooee A, Faghihinia J, Ghasemy R, Ghaibizadeh M, Ghazavi Z. Effect of massage therapy on children with asthma. Iran J Pediatr. 2008;18(2):123-129.

Therapy:
mind-body skills group program

Stress

Citation:
Caprilli S, Anastasi F, Grotto RP, Scollo Abeti M, Abeti Messeri A. Interactive music as a treatment for pain and stress in children during venipuncture: A randomized prospective study. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2007;28(5):399-403.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Stress

Citation:
Lee Park MS, Shin YI, Moon BS, Woo WH. Effects of a Korean traditional herbal supplement on symptoms of stress and mood profiles in high school girls: A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. Stress Health. 2005;21(2):139-143.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Stress

Citation:
Lesmana CB, Suryani LK, Jensen GD, Tiliopoulos N. A spiritual-hypnosis assisted treatment of children with PTSD after the 2002 bali terrorist attack. Am J Clin Hypn. 2009;52(1):23-34.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Stress

Citation:
Weigensberg MJ, Lane CJ, Winners O, et al. Acute effects of stress-reduction interactive guided imagery(SM) on salivary cortisol in overweight latino adolescents. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(3):297-303.

Therapy:
Guided Imagery

Stress

Citation:
Barnes VA, Treiber FA, Davis H. Impact of transcendental meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure. J Psychosom Res. 2001;51(4):597-605.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Stress

Citation:
Wong J, Ghiasuddin A, Kimata C, Patelesio B, Siu A. The impact of healing touch on pediatric oncology patients. Integr Cancer Ther. 2013;12(1):25-30.

Therapy:
healing touch

Visual health

Citation:
Yeh ML, Chen CH, Chen HH, Lin KC. An intervention of acupressure and interactive multimedia to improve visual health among Taiwanese schoolchildren. Public Health Nurs. 2008;25(1):10-17.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Visual health

Citation:
Bello S, Meremikwu MM, EjemotNwadiaro RI, Oduwole O. Routine vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of blindness due to measles infection in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;4.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

Visual health

Citation:
Li YH, Wang ZQ, Wei D. [Biological effect of electrical plum-blossom needle for treatment of juvenile myopia]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007;27(10):725-728.

Therapy:
acupuncutre

Visual health

Citation:
Sun JS, Qu CM, Liu JP, et al. [Effect of improving eyesight brain tonic exercise in preventing and curing myopic eye: A multiple-statistical analysis]. Chin J Clin Rehabil. 2006;10(15):35-38.

Therapy:
NHP: TCM

Visual health

Citation:
Hoffman DR, Theuer RC, Castaneda YS, et al. Maturation of visual acuity is accelerated in breast-fed term infants fed baby food containing DHA-enriched egg yolk. J Nutr. 2004;134(9):2307-2313.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Visual health

Citation:
Birch EE, Carlson SE, Hoffman DR, et al. The DIAMOND (DHA intake and measurement of neural development) study: A double-masked, randomized controlled clinical trial of the maturation of infant visual acuity as a function of the dietary level of docosahexaenoic acid. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(4):848-859.

Therapy:
NHP: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Visual health

Citation:
Birch EE, Garfield S, Castaneda Y, et al. Visual acuity and cognitive outcomes at 4 years of age in a double-blind, randomized trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented infant formula. Early Hum Dev. 2007;83(5):279-284.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Visual health

Citation:
Hoffman DR, Birch EE, Castaneda YS, et al. Visual function in breast-fed term infants weaned to formula with or without long-chain polyunsaturates at 4 to 6 months: A randomized clinical trial. J Pediatr. 2003;142(6):669-677.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Visual health

Citation:
Auestad N, Scott DT, Janowsky JS, et al. Visual, cognitive, and language assessments at 39 months: A follow-up study of children fed formulas containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids to 1 year of age. Pediatrics. 2003;112(3 Pt 1):e177-83.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ARA

Visual health

Citation:
Adams RJ, Setliff A, Andrews W, et al. Iron supplementation and visual and neurobehavioural functioning in breast-fed human infants: Do the effects persist beyond infancy? IOVS. 2006;47:ARO E-abstrat 3157.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

Visual health

Citation:
Birch EE, Castaneda YS, Wheaton DH, Birch DG, Uauy RD, Hoffman DR. Visual maturation of term infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented or control formula for 12 mo. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(4):871-879.

Therapy:
NHP: long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid

Visual health

Citation:
Xuan L. [Observation of curative effectiveness of preventing and treating children with myopia with oppression on otopoint]. J Clin Acupunct Moxibustion. 2002;18(6):43.

Therapy:
Moxibustion

Visual health

Citation:
Liang CK, Ho TY, Li TC, et al. A combined therapy using stimulating auricular acupoints enhances lower-level atropine eyedrops when used for myopia control in school-aged children evaluated by a pilot randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Med. 2008;16(6):305-310.

Therapy:
Acupunture

Visual health

Citation:
Lam DS, Zhao J, Chen LJ, et al. Adjunctive effect of acupuncture to refractive correction on anisometropic amblyopia: One-year results of a randomized crossover trial. Ophthalmology. 2011;118(8):1501-1511.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Visual health

Citation:
Gong R-M. Effect of auricular point sticking therapy on infantile amblyopia. World J Acupunct Moxibustion. 2012;22(3):6-10.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

VLBW

Citation:
Demirel G, Celik IH, Erdeve O, Dilmen U. Impact of probiotics on the course of indirect hyperbilirubinemia and phototherapy duration in very low birth weight infants. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med.2013; 26(2):215

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Darlow BA, Graham PJ. Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birthweight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; 10

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin A

VLBW

Citation:
Long H, Yi JM, Hu PL et al. Benefits of Iron supplementation for low birth weight infants: A systematic review. BMC Pedatrics.2012;12(1):99.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

VLBW

Citation:
Procianoy RS, Mendes EW, Silveira RC. Massage therapy improves neurodevelopment outcome at two years corrected age for very low birth weight infants. Early Hum Dev. 2010;86(1):7-11.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

VLBW

Citation:
Vickers,Andrew; Ohlsson,Arne; Lacy,Janet; Horsley,Angela.Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2009;1.

Therapy:
massage

VLBW

Citation:
Samanta M, Sarkar M, Ghosh P, Ghosh J, Sinha M, Chatterjee S. Prophylactic probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight newborns. J Trop Pediatr. 2009;55(2):128-131.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Manzoni P, Rinaldi M, Cattani S, et al. Bovine lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of late-onset sepsis in very low-birth-weight neonates: A randomized trial. JAMA. 2009;302(13):1421-1428.

Therapy:
NHP: Bovine lactoferrin

VLBW

Citation:
Lin HC, Hsu CH, Chen HL, et al. Oral probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight preterm infants: A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2008;122(4):693-700.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
An NM. Massage and amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) maturation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. American Pediatric Society/SocieTY for Pediatric Research Abstract. 2008.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

VLBW

Citation:
Kurl S, Heinonen K, Lansimies E. Randomized trial: Effect of short versus long duration of calcium and phosphate supplementation on bone mineral content of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born < 32 weeks gestation. Pediatr Res. 2004;55:36.

Therapy:
NHP: calcium and phosphate

VLBW

Citation:
van Zwol A, van den Berg A, Nieuwenhuis EE, Twisk JW, Fetter WP, van Elburg RM. Cytokine profiles in 1-yr-old very low-birth-weight infants after enteral glutamine supplementation in the neonatal period. Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 2009;20(5):467-470.

Therapy:
NHP: glutamine

VLBW

Citation:
Kliegman RM. Oral probiotics reduce the incidence and severity of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. J Pediatr. 2005;146(5):710.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Lin HC, Hsu CH, Chen HL, et al. Oral probiotics prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight preterm infants: A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2008;122(4):693-700.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Arora J, Kumar A, Ramji S. Effect of oil massage on growth and neurobehavior in very low birth weight preterm neonates. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42(11):1092-1100.

Therapy:
oil massage

VLBW

Citation:
Sankar MJ, Saxena R, Mani K, Agarwal R, Deorari AK, Paul VK. Early iron supplementation in very low birth weight infants--a randomized controlled trial. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98(6):953-8.

Therapy:
NHP: iron

VLBW

Citation:
Westerberg AC, Schei R, Henriksen C, et al. Attention among very low birth weight infants following early supplementation with docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acid. Acta Paediatr. 2011;100(1): 47-52.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA)

VLBW

Citation:
Al-Hosni M, Duenas M, Hawk M, et al. Probiotics-supplemented feeding in extremely low-birth-weight infants. J Perinatol. 2012;32(4):253-259.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Wang Q, Dong J, Zhu Y. Probiotic supplement reduces risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and mortality in preterm very low-birth-weight infants: An updated meta-analysis of 20 randomized, controlled trials. J Pediatr Surg. 2012;47(1):241-248.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Ram Kumar TV, Ramji S. Effect of zinc supplementation on growth in very low birth weight infants. J Trop Pediatr. 2012;58(1):50-54.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

VLBW

Citation:
Blanco CL, Gong AK, Schoolfield J, et al. Impact of early and high amino acid supplementation on ELBW infants at 2 years. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;54(5):601-607.

Therapy:
NHP: amino acid

VLBW

Citation:
Tripathi S, Mishra TK, Mathur NB. Vitamin E supplementation in exclusively breastfed VLBW infants. Indian Pediatr. 2011;48(11):889-891.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin E

VLBW

Citation:
Taylor TA, Kennedy KA. Randomized trial of iron supplementation versus routine iron intake in VLBW infants. Pediatrics. 2013;131(2):e433-e438.

Therapy:
NHP: Iron

VLBW

Citation:
Havranek T, Al-Hosni M, Armbrecht E. Probiotics supplementation increases intestinal blood flow velocity in extremely low birth weight preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2013;33(1):40-44.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Manzoni P, Guardione R, Bonetti P, et al. Lutein and zeaxanthin supplementation in preterm very low-birth-weight neonates in neonatal intensive care units: A multicenter randomized controlled trial. Am J Perinatol. 2013;30(1):25-32.

Therapy:
NHP: Lutein and zeaxanthin

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Glazener C, Evans JHC, Cheuk DK. Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2009;1.

Therapy:
CAM

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Huang T, Shu X, Huang YS, Cheuk DK. Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(12):CD005230.

Therapy:
CAM

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Kibar Y, Demir E, Irkilata C, Ors O, Gok F, Dayanc M. Effect of biofeedback treatment on spinning top urethra in children with voiding dysfunction. Urology. 2007;70(4):781-784.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Bower WF, Diao M, Tang JL, Yeung CK. Acupuncture for nocturnal enuresis in children: a systematic review and exploration of rationale. Neurourol Urodyn. 2005;24 (3) :267-272.

Therapy:
acupunture

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Vasconcelos M, Lima E, Caiafa L, et al. Voiding dysfunction in children. pelvic-floor exercises or biofeedback therapy: A randomized study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2006;21(12):1858-1864.

Therapy:
biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Kibar Y, Piskin M, Irkilata HC, Aydur E, Gok F, Dayanc M. Management of abnormal postvoid residual urine in children with dysfunctional voiding. Urology. 2010;75(6):1472-1475.

Therapy:
biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Klijn AJ, Uiterwaal CS, Vijverberg Winkler PL, Dik P, de Jong TP. Home uroflowmetry biofeedback in behavioral training for dysfunctional voiding in school-age children: A randomized controlled study. J Urol. 2006;175(6):2263-2268.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Nemett DR, Fivush Mathews R, Camirand N, Eldridge Finney K, Gerson AC. A randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of osteopathy-based manual physical therapy in treating pediatric dysfunctional voiding. J Pediatr Urol. 2008;4(2):100-106.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Voskuijl WP, Reitsma JB, Van Ginkel R, Buller HA, Taminiau JAJM, Benninga. Longitudinal follow-up of children with functional nonretentive fecal incontinence. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;4(1):67-72.

Therapy:
biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Wang QL, Xu H, Bi YI, Cao Q, Ruan SS. A randomized control trial (RCT) study of biofeedback and DDAVP in children with primary nocturnal enuresis [abstract]. Pediatr Nephrol. 2007;22(9):1531.

Therapy:
biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Kajbafzadeh AM, SharifiRad L, Ghahestani SM, Ahmadi H, Kajbafzadeh M, Mahboubi AH. Animated biofeedback: An ideal treatment for children with dysfunctional elimination syndrome. J Urol. 2011;186(6):2379-2384.

Therapy:
biofeedback

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Karaman MI, Koca O, Kucuk EV, Ozturk M, Gunes M, Kaya C. Laser acupuncture therapy for primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. J Urol. 2011;185(5):1852-1856.

Therapy:
acupuncture

Voiding dysfunction

Citation:
Radvanska E, Kamperis K, Kleif A, Kovacs L, Rittig S. Effect of laser acupuncture for monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis on bladder reservoir function and nocturnal urine output. J Urol. 2011;185(5):1857-1861.

Therapy:
acupuncture

ADHD

Citation:
Bink M, van Nieuwenhuizen C, Popma A, Bongers IL, van Boxtel GJ. Neurocognitive effects of neurofeedback in adolescents with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014;75(5):535-542.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Hodgson K, Hutchinson AD, Denson L. Nonpharmacological treatments for ADHD: A meta-analytic review. J Atten Disord. 2014;18(4):275-282.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Holtmann M, Pniewski B, Wachtlin D, Worz S, Strehl U. Neurofeedback in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - a controlled multicenter study of a non-pharmacological treatment approach. BMC Pediatr. 2014;14:202-2431-14-202.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Ko HJ, Kim I, Kim JB, et al. Effects of Korean red ginseng extract on behavior in children with symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014;24(9):501-508.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

ADHD

Citation:
Maurizio S, Liechti MD, Heinrich H, et al. Comparing tomographic EEG neurofeedback and EMG biofeedback in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Biol Psychol. 2014;95:31-44.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Steiner NJ, Frenette EC, Rene KM, et al. In-school neurofeedback training for ADHD: Sustained improvements from a randomized control trial. Pediatrics. 2014;133(3):483-492.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Steiner NJ, Frenette EC, Rene KM,et al. Neurofeedback and cognitive attention training for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in schools. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2014;35(1):18-27.

Therapy:
Neurofeedback

ADHD

Citation:
Widenhorn-Muller K, Schwanda S, Scholz E, et al. Effect of supplementation with long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on behavior and cognition in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A randomized placebo-controlled intervention trial. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2014;91(1-2):49-60.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Anxiety

Citation:
Bin Sayeed Shams T, Fahim Hossain S, Rahman MR, et al. Nigella sativa L. seeds modulate mood, anxiety and cognition in healthy adolescent males. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;152(1):156-162.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Asthma

Citation:
Abrahamsson TR, Jakobsson T, Bjorksten B, et al. No effect of probiotics on respiratory allergies: A seven-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial in infancy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2013;24(6):556-561.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Beebe A. Art therapy with children who have asthma: A randomized clinical trial. Art Therapy and Health Care. 2013;79-92.

Therapy:
Art Therapy

Asthma

Citation:
Ghaffari J, Farid Hossiani R, Khalilian A, et al. Vitamin E supplementation, lung functions and clinical manifestations in children with moderate asthma: A randomized double blind placebo- controlled trial. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014;13(2):98-103.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin E

Asthma

Citation:
Zeil S, Schwanebeck U, Vogelberg C. Tolerance and effect of an add-on treatment with a cough medicine containing ivy leaves dry extract on lung function in children with bronchial asthma. Phytomedicine. 2014;21(10):1216-1220.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Camargo CA,Jr, Ganmaa D, Sidbury R, Erdenedelger K, Radnaakhand N, Khandsuren B. Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation for winter-related atopic dermatitis in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014;134(4):831-835.e1.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Kim SO, Ah YM, Yu YM, et al. Effects of probiotics for the treatment of atopic dermatitis: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014;113(2):217-226.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Yang HJ, Min TK, Lee HW, Pyun BY. Efficacy of probiotic therapy on atopic dermatitis in children: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2014;6(3):208-215.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Autism

Citation:
Bent S, Hendren RL, Zandi T, et al. Internet-based, randomized, controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acids for hyperactivity in autism. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014;53(6):658-666.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Autism

Citation:
Voigt RG, Mellon MW, Katusic SK, et al. Dietary docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in children with autism. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;58(6):715-722.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Cancer

Citation:
Poder TG, Lemieux R. How effective are spiritual care and body manipulation therapies in pediatric oncology? A systematic review of the literature. Glob J Health Sci. 2013;6(2):112-127.

Therapy:
Spiritual care

Cancer

Citation:
Tomazevic T, Jazbec J. A double blind randomised placebo controlled study of propolis (bee glue) effectiveness in the treatment of severe oral mucositis in chemotherapy treated children. Complement Ther Med. 2013;21(4):306-312.

Therapy:
NHP

Cerebral Palsy

Citation:
Zhang PY, Hu FF. Influence of cluster needling at scalp acupoints combined with rehabilitation training on balance functions of children with cerebral palsy. World J Acupuncture - Moxibustion. 2012;22(4):23-26.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral Palsy

Citation:
Liu L, Liu LG, Lü M, Ran WJ. Clinical observation on infantile cerebral palsy treated with quick meridian needling therapy plus scalp acupuncture. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010;30(10):826-829.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Bougma K, Aboud FE, Harding KB, Marquis GS. Iodine and mental development of children 5 years old and under: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrients, 2013; 5 (4): 1384-1416.

Therapy:
NHP: iodine

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Nissensohn M, Sanchez-Villegas A, Fuentes Lugo D, et al. Effect of zinc intake on mental and motor development in infants: A meta-analysis. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2013;83(4):203-215.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Richardson AJ, Burton JR, Sewell RP, et al. Docosahexaenoic acid for reading, cognition and behavior in children aged 7-9 years: A randomized, controlled trial (the DOLAB study). PloS one. 2012;7(9):e43909.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Colic

Citation:
Sung V, Hiscock H, Tang M, et al. Probiotics to improve outcomes of colic in the community: Protocol for the baby biotics randomised controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics. 2012;12(1):135.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Colic

Citation:
Skjeie H, Skonnord T, Fetveit A, Brekke M. Acupuncture for infantile colic: A blinding-validated, randomized controlled multicentre trial in general practice. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2013;31(4):190-196.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Colic

Citation:
Sung V, Hiscock H, Tang MLK, et al. Treating infant colic with the probiotic lactobacillus reuteri: Double blind, placebo controlled randomised trial. BMJ. 2014;348.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Cystic Fibrosis

Citation:
Di Nardo G, Oliva S, Menichella A, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC55730 in cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;58(1):81-86.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Cystic Fibrosis

Citation:
Ataee P, Najafi M, Gharagozlou M, et al. Effect of supplementary zinc on body mass index, pulmonary function and hospitalization in children with cystic fibrosis. Turk J Pediatr. 2014;56(2):127-132.

Therapy:
NHP: zinc

Cystic Fibrosis

Citation:
Alicandro G, Faelli N, Gagliardini R, et al. A randomized placebo-controlled study on high-dose oral algal docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in children with cystic fibrosis. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2013;88(2):163-169.

Therapy:
NHP: docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Diarrhea

Citation:
Dinleyici EC, Dalgic N, Guven S, et al. The effect of a multispecies synbiotic mixture on the duration of diarrhea and length of hospital stay in children with acute diarrhea in Turkey: Single blinded randomized study. Eur J Pediatr. 2013;172(4):459-464.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotic

Diarrhea

Citation:
Kolader ME, Vinh H, Ngoc Tuyet PT, et al. An oral preparation of lactobacillus acidophilus for the treatment of uncomplicated acute watery diarrhoea in Vietnamese children: Study protocol for a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Trials. 2013;14:27-6215-14-27.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Phavichitr N, Puwdee P, Tantibhaedhyangkul R. Cost-benefit analysis of the probiotic treatment of children hospitalized for acute diarrhea in Bangkok, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2013;44(6):1065-1071.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Dinleyici EC, PROBAGE Study Group, Vandenplas Y. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 effectively reduces the duration of acute diarrhoea in hospitalised children. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(7):e300-5.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Feng G. Observation on the therapeutic effect of pricking needling at sifeng ( EX-UE 10) in combination with tuina for antibiotic-associated diarrhea in infants. World Journal of Acupuncture - Moxibustion. 2013;23(4):19.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gutierrez-Castrellon P, Lopez-Velazquez G, Diaz-Garcia L, et al. Diarrhea in preschool children and Lactobacillus reuteri: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2014;133(4):e904-9.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Rafeey M, Ostadrahimi A, Boniadi M, Ghorashi Z, Alizadeh MM, Hadafey V. Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt and supplement in children with acute diarrhea: A clinical trial. Res J Med Sci. 2008;2(1):13-18.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Patel AB, Dibley MJ, Mamtani M, Badhoniya N, Kulkarni H. Therapeutic zinc and copper supplementation in acute diarrhea does not influence short-term morbidity and growth: Double-blind randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32(1):91-93.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Diarrhea

Citation:
Shan LS, Hou P, Wang ZJ, et al. Prevention and treatment of diarrhoea with Saccharomyces boulardii in children with acute lower respiratory tract infections. Benef Microbes. 2013;4(4):329-334.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Negi R, Dewan P, Shah D, Das S, Bhatnagar S, Gupta P. Oral zinc supplements are ineffective for treating acute dehydrating diarrhoea in 5-12-year-olds. Acta Paediatr. 2014 [epub ahead of print]

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Epilepsy

Citation:
GoldbergStern H, Oren H, Peled N, Garty BZ. Effect of melatonin on seizure frequency in intractable epilepsy: A pilot study. J Child Neurol. 2012;27(12):1524-1528.

Therapy:
NHP: Melatonin

Epilepsy

Citation:
Jeeja MC, Jayakrishnan T, Narayanan PV, et al. Folic acid supplementation on homocysteine levels in children taking antiepileptic drugs: A randomized controlled trial. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2014;5(2):93-99.

Therapy:
NHP: Folic acid

Epilepsy

Citation:
Arya R, Gulati S, Kabra M, Sahu JK, Kalra V. Folic acid supplementation prevents phenytoin-induced gingival overgrowth in children. Neurology. 2011;76(15):1338-1343.

Therapy:
NHP: Folic acid

Headache

Citation:
Koenig J, OelkersAx R, Kaess M, et al. Specific music therapy techniques in the treatment of primary headache disorders in adolescents: A randomized attention-placebo-controlled trial. J Pain. 2013;14(10):1196-1207.

Therapy:
Music Therapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Guandalini S, Magazzu G, Chiaro A, et al. VSL#3 improves symptoms in children with irritable bowel syndrome: A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51(1):24-30.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Evans S, Lung KC, Seidman LC, et al. Iyengar yoga for adolescents and young adults with irritable bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014;59(2):244-253.

Therapy:
Yoga

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Gulewitsch MD, Muller J, Hautzinger M, Schlarb AA. Brief hypnotherapeutic-behavioral intervention for functional abdominal pain and irritable bowel syndrome in childhood: A randomized controlled trial. Eur J Pediatr. 2013;172(8):1043-1051.

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Mental Health

Citation:
Sibinga EMS, PerryParrish C, Chung SE, et al. School-based mindfulness instruction for urban male youth: A small randomized controlled trial. Prev Med. 2013;57(6):799-801.

Therapy:
MBSR

Mental Health

Citation:
Sibinga EMS, PerryParrish C, Thorpe K, et al. A small mixed-method RCT of mindfulness instruction for urban youth. Explore (NY). 2014;10(3):180-186.

Therapy:
MBSR

Nausea and Vomiting

Citation:
Reindl TK, Geilen W, Hartmann R, et al. Acupuncture against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric oncology. Interim results of a multicenter crossover study. Support Care Cancer. 2006;14(2):172-176.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Obesity

Citation:
Alisi A, Bedogni G, Baviera G, et al. Randomised clinical trial: The beneficial effects of VSL#3 in obese children with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014;39(11):1276-1285.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Obesity

Citation:
Janczyk W, Socha P, Lebensztejn D, et al. Omega-3 fatty acids for treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Design and rationale of randomized controlled trial. BMC pediatrics. 2013;13(1).

Therapy:
NHP: Omega-3 fatty acid

Obesity

Citation:
Larsen N, Vogensen FK, Gobel RJ, et al. Effect of Lactobacillus salivarius ls-33 on fecal microbiota in obese adolescents. Clin Nutr. 2013;32(6):935-940.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Obesity

Citation:
Sabzghabaee AM, Kelishadi R, Jelokhanian H, et al. Clinical effects of portulaca oleracea seeds on dyslipidemia in obese adolescents: A triple-blinded randomized controlled trial. Med Arh. 2014;68(3):195-199.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

Otitis

Citation:
Marchisio P, Consonni D, Baggi E, et al. Vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk of acute otitis media in otitis-prone children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32(10):1055-1060.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Pain

Citation:
Evans S, Tsao JC, Zeltzer LK. Paediatric pain management: Using complementary and alternative medicine. Rev Pain. 2008;2(1):14-20.

Therapy:


Pain

Citation:
Tan X, Yowler CJ, Super DM, Fratianne RB. The efficacy of music therapy protocols for decreasing pain, anxiety, and muscle tension levels during burn dressing changes: A prospective randomized crossover trial. J Burn Care Res. 2010;31(4):590-597.

Therapy:
Music Therapy

Pain

Citation:
Kundu A, Lin Y, Oron AP, Doorenbos AZ. Reiki therapy for postoperative oral pain in pediatric patients: Pilot data from a double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2014;20(1):21-25.

Therapy:
Reiki

Pain

Citation:
Schulz C, Leininger B, Evans R, et al. Spinal manipulation and exercise for low back pain in adolescents: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Chiropr Man Therap. 2014;22:21-709X-22-21.

Therapy:
Chiropractic manipulation

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Fernandez-Carrocera LA, Solis-Herrera A, Cabanillas-Ayon M, et al. Double-blind, randomised clinical assay to evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in preterm newborns weighing less than 1500 g in the prevention of necrotising enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2013;98(1):F5-9.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Kumar J, Upadhyay A, Dwivedi AK, et al. Effect of oil massage on growth in preterm neonates less than 1800 g: A randomized control trial. Indian J Pediatr. 2013;80(6):465-469.

Therapy:
Massage Therapy

Preterm Infants

Citation:
LeCouffe NE, Westerbeek EA, van Schie PE, et al. Neurodevelopmental outcome during the first year of life in preterm infants after supplementation of a prebiotic mixture in the neonatal period: A follow-up study. Neuropediatrics. 2014;45(1):22-29.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Srinivasjois R, Rao S, Patole S. Prebiotic supplementation in preterm neonates: Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Clin Nutr. 2013;32(6):958-965.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Wang L, He JL, Zhang XH. The efficacy of massage on preterm infants: A meta-analysis. Am J Perinatol. 2013;30(9):731-738.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Zhang P, Lavoie PM, Lacaze-Masmonteil T, et al. Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for extremely preterm infants: A systematic review. Pediatrics. 2014;134(1):120-134.

Therapy:
NHP: Omega-3 fatty acids

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Hojsak I, Abdovic S, Szajewska H, et al. Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of nosocomial gastrointestinal and respiratory tract infections. Pediatrics. 2010;125(5):e1171-7.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Kamin W, Ilyenko LI, Malek FA, Kieser M. Treatment of acute bronchitis with EPs 7630: Randomized, controlled trial in children and adolescents. Pediatr Int. 2012;54(2):219-226.

Therapy:
NHP: Herbs

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
King S, Glanville J, Sanders ME, et al. Effectiveness of probiotics on the duration of illness in healthy children and adults who develop common acute respiratory infectious conditions: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(1):41-54.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Kopp MV. Prebiotic and probiotic supplementation prevents rhinovirus infections in preterm infants: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. Allergologie. 2014;37(8):341-342.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Li F, Jin X, Liu B, Zhuang W, Scalabrin D. Follow-up formula consumption in 3- to 4-year-olds and respiratory infections: An RCT. Pediatrics. 2014;133(6):e1533-e1540.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Luoto R, Ruuskanen O, Waris M, et al. Prebiotic and probiotic supplementation prevents rhinovirus infections in preterm infants: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014;133(2):405-413.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Sempertegui F, Estrella B, Rodriguez O, et al. Zinc as an adjunct to the treatment of severe pneumonia in ecuadorian children: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;99(3):497-505.

Therapy:
NHP: Zinc

Rhinitis

Citation:
Peng GC, Hsu CH. The efficacy and safety of heat-killed Lactobacillus paracasei for treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis induced by house-dust mite. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16(5):433-438.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Rhinitis

Citation:
Chen YS, Jan RL, Lin YL, Chen HH, Wang JY. Randomized placebo-controlled trial of lactobacillus on asthmatic children with allergic rhinitis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2010;45(11):1111-1120.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Visual Health

Citation:
Chen CH, Chen HH, Yeh ML, Tsay SL. Effects of ear acupressure in improving visual health in children. Am J Chin Med. 2010;38(3):431-439.

Therapy:
Acupressure

VLBW

Citation:
Yamasaki C, Totsu S, Uchiyama A, et al. Effect of bifidobacterium administration on very-low-birthweight infants. Pediatr Int. 2012;54(5):651-656.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Oncel MY, Sari FN, Arayici S, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri for the prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in very low birthweight infants: A randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2014;99(2):F110-5.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Parker R. Probiotic guideline for necrotizing enterocolitis prevention in very low-birth-weight neonates. Adv Neonatal Care. 2014;14(2):88-95.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Pawlik D, Lauterbach R, Walczak M, et al. Fish-oil fat emulsion supplementation reduces the risk of retinopathy in very low birth weight infants: A prospective, randomized study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013;38(6):711-716.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Zeng F, Chen HQ, Qi L, et al. Comparative study of pelvic floor biofeedback training and tolterodine for treatment of detrusor after-contraction in posturination dribbling in children. J Int Med Res. 2012;40(6):2305-2310.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Allen SJ, Jordan S, Storey M, et al. Probiotics in the prevention of eczema: A randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99(11):1014-1019.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Athalye-Jape G, Deshpande G, Rao S, Patole S. Benefits of probiotics on enteral nutrition in preterm neonates: A systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(6):1508-1519.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Ladi-Seyedian S, Kajbafzadeh AM, Sharifi-Rad L, et al. Management of non-neuropathic underactive bladder in children with voiding dysfunction by animated biofeedback: A randomized clinical trial. Urology. 2015;85(1):205-210.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Stress

Citation:
Lozada M, Carro N, D'adamo P, Barclay C. Stress management in children: A pilot study in 7 to 9 year olds. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2014;35(2):144-147.

Therapy:
Mind-Body intervention

Colic

Citation:
Chau K, Lau E, Greenberg S, et al. Probiotics for infantile colic: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigating Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938. J Pediatr. 2015;166(1):74-78.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Dasopoulou M, Briana DD, Boutsikou T, et al. Motilin and gastrin secretion and lipid profile in preterm neonates following prebiotics supplementation: A double-blind randomized controlled study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015;39(3):359-368.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Fazeli MS, Lin Y, Nikoo N, et al. Biofeedback for nonneuropathic daytime voiding disorders in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Urol. 2015;193(1):274-279.

Therapy:
Biofeedback

Pain

Citation:
Wahlund K, Nilsson IM, Larsson B. Treating temporomandibular disorders in adolescents: A randomized, controlled, sequential comparison of relaxation training and occlusal appliance therapy. J Oral Facial Pain Headache. 2015;29(1):41-50.

Therapy:
relaxation therapy

Pain

Citation:
Horvath A, Dziechciarz P, Szajewska H. Meta-analysis: Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG for abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders in childhood. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011;33(12):1302-1310.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Colic

Citation:
Dupont C, Rivero M, Grillon C, et al. Alpha-lactalbumin-enriched and probiotic-supplemented infant formula in infants with colic: Growth and gastrointestinal tolerance. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(7):765-767.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Colic

Citation:
Sung V, Collett S, de Gooyer T, et al. Probiotics to prevent or treat excessive infant crying: Systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics. 2013;167(12):1150-1157.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Aggarwal S, Upadhyay A, Shah D, et al. Lactobacillus GG for treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: An open labelled, randomized controlled trial. Indian J Med Res. 2014;139(3):379-385.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Brew BK, Toelle BG, Webb KL, Almqvist C, Marks GB. Omega-3 supplementation during the first 5 years of life and later academic performance: A randomised controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(4):419-424.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Pain

Citation:
Rutten JM, Korterink JJ, Venmans LM, et al. Nonpharmacologic treatment of functional abdominal pain disorders: A systematic review. Pediatrics. 2015;135(3):522-535.

Therapy:
Nonpharmacologic treatment

ADHD

Citation:
Karkhaneh M, Clark B, Ospina M, et al. Social Stories™ to improve social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Autism, 2010;14(6)641-62.

Therapy:
Social Stories™

ADHD

Citation:
Seida JC, Ospina MB, Karkhaneh M, et al. Systematic reviews of psychosocial interventions for autism: An umbrella review. Dev Med Child Neurol, 2009;51(2)95-104.

Therapy:
Systematic Review

ADHD

Citation:
Ospina MB, Krebs Seida J, Clark B, et al. Behavioural and developmental interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A clinical systematic review. PloS ONE 2008, 3(11): e3755

Therapy:
Systematic Review

VLBW

Citation:
Dilli D, Aydin B, Fettah ND, et al. The propre-save study: Effects of probiotics and prebiotics alone or combined on necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. J Pediatr. 2015;166(3):545-51.e1.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

VLBW

Citation:
Saengtawesin V, Tangpolkaiwalsak R, Kanjanapattankul W. Effect of oral probiotics supplementation in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis among very low birth weight preterm infants. J Med Assoc Thai. 2014;97 Suppl 6:S20-5.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Almaas AN, Tamnes CK, Nakstad B, et al. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and cognition in VLBW infants at 8 years: An RCT. Pediatrics. 2015;135(6):972-980.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Cerritelli F, Pizzolorusso G, Renzetti C, et al. A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of osteopathic manipulative treatment on preterms. PLoS One. 2015;10(5):e0127370.

Therapy:
osteopathic manipulation

Pain

Citation:
Gilbey P, Bretler S, Avraham Y, et al. Acupuncture for posttonsillectomy pain in children: A randomized, controlled study. Paediatr Anaesth. 2015;25(6):603-609.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Cerebral Palsy

Citation:
Lee HY, Cha YJ, Kim K. The effect of feedback respiratory training on pulmonary function of children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled preliminary report. Clin Rehabil. 2014;28(10):965-971.

Therapy:
feedback respiratory training

Mental Health

Citation:
Silverstone PH, Bercov M, Suen VY, et al. Initial findings from a novel school-based program, EMPATHY, which may help reduce depression and suicidality in youth. PLoS One. 2015;10(5):e0125527.

Therapy:
cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)

Rhinitis

Citation:
Lin WY, Fu LS, Lin HK, Shen CY, Chen YJ. Evaluation of the effect of Lactobacillus paracasei (HF.A00232) in children (6-13 years old) with perennial allergic rhinitis: A 12-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Pediatr Neonatol. 2014;55(3):181-188.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Rosenfeld Keidar H, Mandel D, Mimouni FB, Lubetzky R. Bach music in preterm infants: No 'mozart effect' on resting energy expenditure. J Perinatol. 2014;34(2):153-155.

Therapy:
Music therapy

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Rutten JMTM, Vlieger AM, Frankenhuis C, et al. Gut-directed hypnotherapy in children with irritable bowel syndrome or functional abdominal pain (syndrome): A randomized controlled trial on self exercises at home using CD versus individual therapy by qualified therapists. BMC pediatrics. 2014;14(1).

Therapy:
Hypnotherapy

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Niccoli AA, Artesi AL, Candio F, et al. Preliminary results on clinical effects of probiotic lactobacillus salivarius LS01 in children affected by atopic dermatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014;48(Suppl 1):S34-6.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Autism

Citation:
Srinivasjois R, Rao S, Patole S. Probiotic supplementation in children with autism spectrum disorder. Arch Dis Child. 2015;100(5):505-506.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Colic

Citation:
Kianifar H, Ahanchian H, Grover Z, et al. Synbiotic in the management of infantile colic: A randomised controlled trial. J Paediatr Child Health. 2014;50(10):801-805.

Therapy:
NHP: Synbiotics

Pain

Citation:
Romano C, Ferrau' V, Cavataio F, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri in children with functional abdominal pain (FAP). J Paediatr Child Health. 2014;50(10):E68-71.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Yang Y, Guo Y, Kan Q, et al. A meta-analysis of probiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2014;47(9):804-810.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Autism

Citation:
Thompson GA, McFerran KS, Gold C. Family-centred music therapy to promote social engagement in young children with severe autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled study. Child Care Health Dev. 2014;40(6):840-852.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Pain

Citation:
He J, Jia P, Zheng M, Zhang M, Jiang H. Acupuncture for mumps in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2:CD008400.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Ozen M, Kocabas Sandal G, Dinleyici EC. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric upper respiratory tract infections: A systematic review. Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy. 2015;15(1):9-20.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Autism

Citation:
Pusponegoro HD, Ismael S, Firmansyah A, Sastroasmoro S, Vandenplas Y. Gluten and casein supplementation does not increase symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder. Acta Paediatr. 2015.

Therapy:
gluten-casein

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Yesilova Y, Calka O, Akdeniz N, Berktas M. Effect of probiotics on the treatment of children with atopic dermatitis. Ann Dermatol. 2012;24(2):189-193.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Stress

Citation:
White LS. Reducing stress in school-age girls through mindful yoga. Journal of pediatric health care. 2012;26(1):45-56.

Therapy:
Yoga

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Rojas MA, Lozano JM, Rojas MX, et al. Prophylactic probiotics to prevent death and nosocomial infection in preterm infants. Pediatrics. 2012;130(5):e1113-20.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Cancer

Citation:
Renani HA, Keikhai B, Mahani HG, Latifi M, Pordanjani SB. Effect of chamomile mouthwash for preventing chemotherapy-induced ostomatitis in children. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2012;21(86):18-25.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

ADHD

Citation:
Perera H, Jeewandara KC, Seneviratne S, Guruge C. Combined ω3 and ω6 supplementation in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) refractory to methylphenidate treatment: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Child Neurol. 2012;27(6):747-753.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Diarrhea

Citation:
Passariello A, Terrin G, Cecere G, et al. Randomised clinical trial: Efficacy of a new synbiotic formulation containing lactobacillus paracasei B21060 plus arabinogalactan and xilooligosaccharides in children with acute diarrhoea. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012;35(7):782-788.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Merks BT, Burger H, Willemsen J, et al. Melatonin treatment in children with therapy-resistant monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. J Pediatr Urol. 2012;8(4):416-420.

Therapy:
NHP: melatonin

Autism

Citation:
Malow B, Adkins KW, McGrew SG, et al. Melatonin for sleep in children with autism: A controlled trial examining dose, tolerability, and outcomes. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012;42(8):1729-37

Therapy:
NHP: melatonin

Diarrhea

Citation:
Khan A, Javed T, Chishti AL. Clinical efficacy of use of probiotic "Saccharomyces boulardii" in children with acute watery diarrhea. Pakistan Paediatric Journal. 2012;36(3):122-127.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Grandy G, Jose Z. Effect of probiotic yogurt in the management of acute diarrhea in children. Pediatr Res. 2012;72(1):109.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Fares M, Alkhaled L, Mroueh S, Akl E. Vitamin D supplementation in children with asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Research Notes. 2015;8(1):23.

Therapy:
NHP: vitamin D

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Lv ZT, Song W, Wu J, et al. Efficacy of acupuncture in children with nocturnal enuresis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:320701.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Mansfield JA, Bergin SW, Cooper JR, Olsen CH. Comparative probiotic strain efficacy in the prevention of eczema in infants and children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Mil Med. 2014;179(6):580-592

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Mental Health

Citation:
Woolford J, Patterson T, Macleod E, Hobbs L, Hayne H. Drawing helps children to talk about their presenting problems during a mental health assessment. Clin child psychol psychiatry. 2015;20(1):68-83.

Therapy:
Drawing

Asthma

Citation:
Muley P, Shah M, Muley A. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in children to prevent asthma: Is it worthy?-A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Allergy (Cairo). 2015;2015:312052.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Colic

Citation:
Partty A, Lehtonen L, Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Isolauri E. Probiotic lactobacillus rhamnosus GG therapy and microbiological programming in infantile colic: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatr Res. 2015;78(4):470-475.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotic

Pain

Citation:
Petter M, McGrath PJ, Chambers CT, Dick BD. The effects of mindful attention and state mindfulness on acute experimental pain among adolescents. J Pediatr Psychol. 2014;39(5):521-531.

Therapy:
Mindfulness

Obesity

Citation:
Liber A, Szajewska H. Effect of oligofructose supplementation on body weight in overweight and obese children: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(12):2068-2074.

Therapy:
NHP: oligofructose

Pain

Citation:
Abbasoglu A, Cabioglu MT, Tugcu AU, Yapakci E, Tekindal MA, Tarcan A. Laser acupuncture before heel lancing for pain management in healthy term newborns: A randomised controlled trial. Acupunct Med. 2015. [Epub ahead of print]

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Diarrhea

Citation:
İşlek A, Sayar E, Yilmaz A, Baysan BO, Mutlu D, Artan R. The role of bifidobacterium lactis B94 plus inulin in the treatment of acute infectious diarrhea in children. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2014;25(6):628-633.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Pain

Citation:
Selhorst M, Selhorst B. Lumbar manipulation and exercise for the treatment of acute low back pain in adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. J Manual Manipulative Ther. 2015;23(4):226-233.

Therapy:
Chiropractic manipulation

Diarrhea

Citation:
Gutierrez-Castrellon P, Ortiz-Hernandez AA, Llamosas-Gallardo B, et al. Efficacy of racecadotril vs. smectite, probiotics or zinc as an integral part of treatment of acute diarrhea in children under five years: A meta-analysis of multiple treatments. Gac Med Mex. 2015;151(3):329-337.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics or zinc

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Panduru M, Panduru NM, Salavastru CM, Tiplica GS. Probiotics and primary prevention of atopic dermatitis: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015;29(2):232-242.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Pain

Citation:
Sunitha Suresh BS, De Oliveira GS,Jr, Suresh S. The effect of audio therapy to treat postoperative pain in children undergoing major surgery: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Surg Int. 2015;31(2):197-201.

Therapy:
Music therapy

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Chang YS, Lin MH, Lee JH, et al. Melatonin supplementation for children with atopic dermatitis and sleep disturbance: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015:1-8.

Therapy:
NHP: Melatonin

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Garaiova I, Muchova J, Nagyova Z, et al. Probiotics and vitamin C for the prevention of respiratory tract infections in children attending preschool: A randomised controlled pilot study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(3):373-379.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics and vitamin C

ADHD

Citation:
Shakibaei F, Radmanesh M, Salari E, Mahaki B. Ginkgo biloba in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. A randomized, placebo-controlled, trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2015;21(2):61-67.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

ADHD

Citation:
Wu Q, Zhou T, Ma L, Yuan D, Peng Y. Protective effects of dietary supplementation with natural omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the visual acuity of school-age children with lower IQ or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Nutrition. 2015;31(7-8):935-940.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acid

Colic

Citation:
Akbarian Rad Z, Haghshenas Mojaveri M, Zahed Pasha Y, AhmadpourKacho M, Hajian K, Taghipoor Y. The effect of probiotic lactobacillus reuteri on reducing the period of restlessness in infants with colic. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences. 2015;17(5):7-11.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Hegar B, Waspada IMI, Gunardi H, Vandenplas Y. A double blind randomized trial showing probiotics to be ineffective in acute diarrhea in Indonesian children. Indian J Pediatr. 2015;82(5):410-414.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Lee DK, Park JE, Kim MJ, Seo JG, Lee JH, Ha NJ. Probiotic bacteria, B.longum and L.acidophilus inhibit infection by rotavirus in vitro and decrease the duration of diarrhea in pediatric patients. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. 2015;39(2):237-244.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Lin RJ, Qiu LH, Guan RZ, et al. Protective effect of probiotics in the treatment of infantile eczema. Experimental and therapeutic medicine. 2015;9(5):1593-1596.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Pain

Citation:
Liodden I, Sandvik L, Valeberg BT, Borud E, Norheim AJ. Acupuncture versus usual care for postoperative nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy: A pragmatic, multicentre, double-blinded, randomised trial. Acupunct Med. 2015.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Autism

Citation:
Mankad D, Dupuis A, Smile S, et al. A randomized, placebo controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of young children with autism. Molecular Autism. 2015;6(1).

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Pain

Citation:
Mohebbi S, Nia FH, Kelantari F, Nejad SE, Hamedi Y, Abd R. Efficacy of honey in reduction of post tonsillectomy pain, randomized clinical trial. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;78(11):1886-1889.

Therapy:
NHP: honey

Colic

Citation:
Savino F, Ceratto S, Poggi E, Cartosio ME, Cordero di Montezemolo L, Giannattasio A. Preventive effects of oral probiotic on infantile colic: A prospective, randomised, blinded, controlled trial using Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938. Beneficial Microbes. 2015;6(3):245-251.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Wang IJ, Wang JY. Children with atopic dermatitis show clinical improvement after Lactobacillus exposure. Clin Exp Allergy. 2015;45(4):779-787.

Therapy:
NHP: probiotics

Diarrhea

Citation:
Dinleyici EC, Dalgic N, Guven S, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 shortens acute infectious diarrhea in a pediatric outpatient setting. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2015;91(4):392-396.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Mental Health

Citation:
Sibinga EM, Webb L, Ghazarian SR, Ellen JM. School-based mindfulness instruction: An RCT. Pediatrics. 2016;137(1):1-8.

Therapy:
MBSR

Pain

Citation:
Usichenko TI, Wolters P, Anders EF, Splieth C. Acupuncture reduces pain and autonomic distress during injection of local anesthetic in children: A pragmatic crossover investigation. Clin J Pain. 2016;32(1):82-86.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Colic

Citation:
Xu M, Wang J, Wang N, Sun F, Wang L, Liu XH. The efficacy and safety of the probiotic bacterium lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 for infantile colic: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One. 2015;10(10):e0141445.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Cancer

Citation:
Chan CW, Lam LW, Li CK, et al. Feasibility of psychoeducational interventions in managing chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting (CANV) in pediatric oncology patients. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2015;19(2):182-190.

Therapy:
Mind-Body Therapies

ADHD

Citation:
Ni XQ, Zhang JY, Han XM, Yin DQ. A meta-analysis on acupuncture treatment of attention Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder. Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2015;40(4):319-325.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

VLBW

Citation:
Wang XL, Li X, Kang L, Wang SH. Prophylactic probiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis and reducing mortality in very low birth weight infants: A meta analysis. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2015;17(8):852-858.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Xiao L, Xing C, Yang Z, et al. Vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of childhood acute respiratory infections: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Br J Nutr. 2015;114(7):1026-1034.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Cognitive Development

Citation:
Tammam J.D., Steinsaltz D., Bester D.W., SembAndenaes T., Stein JF. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial investigating the behavioural effects of vitamin, mineral and n-3 fatty acid supplementation in typically developing adolescent schoolchildren. Br J Nutr. 2016;115(2):361-373.

Therapy:
NHP: fatty acids

Mental Health

Citation:
Charkhandeh M, Talib MA, Hunt CJ. The clinical effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy and an alternative medicine approach in reducing symptoms of depression in adolescents. Psychiatry Res. 2016;239:325-330.

Therapy:


Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Bozensky J, Hill M, Zelenka R, Skyba T. Prebiotics do not influence the severity of atopic dermatitis in infants: A randomised controlled trial. PLoS One. 2015;10(11):e0142897.

Therapy:
NHP: Prebiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Costeloe K, Hardy P, Juszczak E, Wilks M, Millar MR, Probiotics in Preterm Infants Study Collaborative Group. Bifidobacterium breve BBG-001 in very preterm infants: A randomised controlled phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2016;387(10019):649-660.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Udompataikul M, Huajai S, Chalermchai T, Taweechotipatr M, Kamanamool N. The effects of oral vitamin D supplement on atopic dermatitis: A clinical trial with staphylococcus aureus colonization determination. J Med Assoc Thai. 2015;98 Suppl 9:S23-30.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Atopic Dermatitis

Citation:
Chang YS, Trivedi MK, Jha A, Lin YF, Dimaano L, Garcia-Romero MT. Synbiotics for prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(3):236-242.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Geng Y, Wang W, Zhang J, Bi S, Li H, Lin M. Effects of traditional Chinese medicine herbs for tonifying qi and kidney, and replenishing spleen on intermittent asthma in children aged 2 to 5 years old. J Tradit Chin Med. 2016;36(1):32-38.

Therapy:
NHP: herbs

IBD/IBS

Citation:
Guandalini S, Cernat E, Moscoso D. Prebiotics and probiotics in irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease in children. Benef Microbes. 2015;6(2):209-217.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Rao SC, Athalye-Jape GK, Deshpande GC, Simmer KN, Patole SK. Probiotic supplementation and late-onset sepsis in preterm infants: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):1-16.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Alshweki A, Munuzuri AP, Bana AM, et al. Effects of different arachidonic acid supplementation on psychomotor development in very preterm infants; a randomized controlled trial. Nutr J. 2015;14:101-015-0091-3.

Therapy:
NHP: arachidonic acid

Diarrhea

Citation:
Dinleyici EC, Dalgic N, Guven S, et al. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 shortens acute infectious diarrhea in a pediatric outpatient setting. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2015;91(4):392-396.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Pojsupap S, Iliriani K, Sampaio TZ, et al. Efficacy of high-dose vitamin D in pediatric asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Asthma. 2015;52(4):382-390.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Pain

Citation:
Tsao GJ, Messner AH, Seybold J, Sayyid ZN, Cheng AG, Golianu B. Intraoperative acupuncture for posttonsillectomy pain: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Laryngoscope. 2015;125(8):1972-1978.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Asthma

Citation:
Yang XC, Yin T, Gao Q, Kong LJ. The immunomodulatory effect of acupoint application for childhood asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:896247.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Voiding Dysfunction

Citation:
Saettini F, Marra C, Rota M, Liu X, Bower WF. Acupuncture for the treatment of pediatric nocturnal enuresis: A systematic review and a meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized studies. Eur J Integr Med. 2015;438:1-9.

Therapy:
Acupuncture

Preterm Infants

Citation:
Badr LK, Abdallah B, Kahale L. A meta-analysis of preterm infant massage: An ancient practice with contemporary applications. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2015;40(6):344-358.

Therapy:
Massage therapy

Diarrhea

Citation:
Freedman SB, Sherman PM, Willan A, et al. Emergency department treatment of children with diarrhea who attend day care: A randomized multidose trial of a lactobacillus helveticus and lactobacillus rhamnosus combination probiotic. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2015;54(12):1158-1166.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

Asthma

Citation:
Riverin BD, Maguire JL, Li P. Vitamin D supplementation for childhood asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(8):e0136841.

Therapy:
NHP: Vitamin D

Respiratory Tract Infection

Citation:
Araujo GVd, Oliveira Junior M,Henriques de, Peixoto DM, Sarinho ESC. Probiotics for the treatment of upper and lower respiratory-tract infections in children: Systematic review based on randomized clinical trials. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2015;91(5):413-27.

Therapy:
NHP: Probiotics

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CARE, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Canada
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8215 112 St NW, Edmonton, AB T6G 2C8